# horse betting calculators

Seasoned punters will find calculating odds to be second nature but for beginners the prospect of getting to grips with what odds mean and in particular grappling with fractional odds can be a daunting one. Even if you're an experienced punter this Masterclass on understanding odds offers you the chance to refresh your thinking on identifying value based on the implied probability of odds. Traditionally, odds in the UK are expressed as a fraction. These odds can be used to calculate your net profit excluding your stake and although they seem complicated the method of calculation is relatively straightforward. This is best explained using an example. So whatever your stake is you can multiply it by 1.

# Six persons arrested on betting charges on periodic table

If a set of criminal infractions includes only criminal offences, then the final punishment shall be imposed by absorbing a less severe punishment with a more severe one or by partial or full adding up of the punishment. In this case, the final extent of punishment in the form of a fine may not exceed four hundred monthly calculation indices, and the final term of punishment in the form of community service or arrest — four hundred hours or fifty days, respectively.

If a set of criminal infractions includes only criminal offences, crimes of little and average gravity, then the final punishment shall be imposed by absorbing a less severe punishment with a more severe one. If a set of criminal infractions involves grievous or especially grave crimes, the final punishment shall be imposed by absorption of less severe punishment by more severe or by partial or complete addition of punishments.

Upon that the final punishment in the form of imprisonment may not exceed twenty years. If a set of criminal infractions involves at least one of especially grave crime, for commission of which a punishment in the form of imprisonment for the term up to twenty years is provided by this Code, the final punishment shall be imposed by partial or complete addition of punishments.

Upon that the final punishment in the form of imprisonment may not exceed twenty five years. If a set of criminal infractions involves at least one of especially grave crime, for commission of which a punishment in the form of imprisonment for the term up to twenty years is provided by this Code, as well as a criminal offence, for commission of which a fine is imposed, the final punishment is imposed by absorption of less severe punishment by more severe. If for the crime, including in a set shall be imposed a life imprisonment or death penalty, the final punishment shall be imposed in the form of life imprisonment or correspondingly in the form of death penalty.

Additional punishments, imposed for infractions, constituting the set may be attached to the basic punishment, imposed on a set of criminal infractions. Upon partial or complete addition the final additional punishment may not exceed the maximum term or extent, established for this punishment of General part of this Code. A punishment shall be imposed by the rules of this Article, if after sentencing by court of the case it is established that the convicted person is guilty also in other criminal infraction committed by him her before the sentencing in the first case.

In this case a punishment, served under the first court verdict shall be counted in the final term. Upon imposition of punishment at repetition of crimes, dangerous repetition of crimes shall be considered the number, nature and extent of social danger of previously committed crimes, consequence, by virtue of which the correctional treatment of the previous punishment was insufficient, as well as the nature and extent of social danger of subsequent infractions.

If the convicted person after sentencing, but before complete serving punishment is committed a new criminal infraction, the court shall partially or completely attach an unserved part of punishment on previous court verdict to the punishment, imposed on the last court verdict. The final punishment on a set of sentences in the case, if it does not related with imprisonment may not exceed the maximum term or extent, provided by General part of this Code for this type of punishment.

The final punishment on a set of sentences in the form of imprisonment may not exceed twenty five years. If a set of sentences involves a sentence, which a person is recognized as guilty in commission at least one especially grave crime, for the commission of which a punishment in the form of imprisonment is provided by this Code for the term up to twenty years, the final punishment on a set of sentences in the form of imprisonment may not exceed thirty years.

If a life imprisonment or death penalty is imposed for the crime, including in a set, the final punishment shall be imposed in the form of life imprisonment or correspondingly death penalty. The final punishment on a set of sentences shall be more like the punishments, imposed for newly committed criminal infraction, and unserved part of punishment on previous court verdict.

Attachment of additional types of punishments upon imposition of punishments on a set of sentences shall be carried out by the rules of imposition of punishment on a set of criminal infractions. At partial or full adding up of punishments on a set of criminal infractions and a set of verdicts:.

Deprivation of special, military or honorary title, class rank, diplomatic rank, qualified class and the state awards, deprivation of right to hold specific position or engage in defined activity, deportation a foreigner or stateless person from the Republic of Kazakhstan, confiscation of property, as well as enforcement measures of medical nature upon addition them with bringing to public works, restriction of liberty, arrest, imprisonment shall be executed independently.

The term of deprivation of the right to occupy determined posts or to engage in a determined activity, restriction of liberty, imprisonment shall be calculated in months and years, arrest - in days, community service - in hours. Upon commutation of punishment or addition of punishments, specified in a first part of this Article, as well as upon offset of punishment, the terms may be calculated in days.

The time of detention in custody until a judgment becomes final and binding shall be counted towards the sentence, counting one day as:. The time of detention under house arrest before the entry of the sentence into legal force shall be included in the term of punishment in the form of deprivation of liberty, restriction of liberty, arrest at the rate of two days for one day, in the form of social works, corrective labors, a fine — at the rate of one day of detention under house arrest for two hours of social works or two monthly calculation indices, respectively.

The time of detention of person in custody before entry of court verdict into legal force and the time of service of imprisonment, imposed by court verdict for the crime, committed out of bounds of the Republic of Kazakhstan, in the case of extradition of person on the basis of Article 9 of this Code shall be included at the rate of one day for one day.

Upon revision of the verdict with imposing to the person of other form of punishment, the served term or executed extent of punishment before the revision of the verdict shall be included in the term or extent of a new punishment. When offsetting the served term or executed extent of punishment:. The time, during which compulsory measures of a medical nature were applied to the person, who became ill of mental disease after committing a crime shall be included in the term or extent of punishment.

If a punishment was imposed in the form of imprisonment, a court comes to the conclusion on possibility of correction of convicted person without service of sentence; it decides to consider an imposed punishment as conditional. Upon application of conditional sentence a court shall consider the nature and extent of social danger of committed crime, personality of guilty person, as well as consequences, mitigating and aggravating responsibility and punishment.

Upon imposition of conditional sentence a court shall establish probationary control at all of the imposed term of imprisonment, and to the minors for the term of six months to one year by rules of second part of Article 44 of this Code. Application of conditional sentence by the minors is possible upon repeated commission of a crime of little and average gravity in the period of probationary control upon conditional sentence.

Probation control shall not be established in case of conditional conviction of a foreigner or a stateless person to whom the court has imposed expulsion outside the Republic of Kazakhstan as an additional form of punishment. Additional types of restrictions and punishments may be imposed in case of probation. Enforcement measures of educational impact may be imposed to the minors upon conditional sentence.

Conditional conviction shall not be applied to the persons in case of recidivism of crimes, dangerous recidivism of crimes, in case of conviction of a person for an especially grave crime, corruption crime, terroristic crime, extremist crime, crime committed as part of a criminal group, crime against sexual immunity of minors.

If before the expiry of the term of probationary control the probationer is proved his her correction by his her behavior, a court on presentation of body, carrying out a probationary control may decree on cancellation of conditional sentence and on cancellation of conviction from convicted person.

Upon that conditional sentence may be cancelled upon expiration of at least half of established period. A court on presentation of the body, carrying out probationary control may extend the term of probationary control, but not more than one year, in the cases, when probationer has committed:. In the case of non-execution by probationer of obligations, assigned to him her by court or repeated commission by probationer of violations, specified in a second part of this Article, a court on presentation of body, specified in a first part of this Article shall regulate on cancellation of conditional sentence and execution of imposed punishment by court verdict, and in relation of convicted minor may repeatedly extend the term of probationary control, but not more than one year.

In the cases of commission by probationer of a crime by negligence during the term of probationary control or intentional crime of little gravity, and by the juvenile probationers — the crimes of little of average gravity, an issue on cancellation or on preservation of conditional sentence shall be decided by the court upon imposition of punishment for the new crime. In the cases of commission by probationer of intentional crime of average gravity, grievous or especially grave crime during the term of probationary control, and by the minors - grievous or especially grave crime, a court may cancel a conditional sentence and impose him her a punishment by the rules of imposition of punishment on a set of sentences.

The provisions of part one of this Article shall not be applied to the persons, who have committed a terroristic crime, an extremist crime, a crime committed as part of a criminal group, a crime against sexual immunity of minors, torture, a grave or especially grave crime against a person, except in cases specially provided by the relevant Articles of the Special part of this Code. This restriction shall not be applied to the minors, who have committed a crime against the sexual immunity of a minor aged between fourteen and eighteen years.

A person, used of excessive force in self-defense due to the fear, fright or confusion, caused by socially-dangerous infringement may be released from criminal responsibility in recognition of consequence of the case. A person, who has fulfilled all conditions of the procedural agreement may be released from criminal responsibility. The provision of part one of this Article shall not be applied to the persons, who have committed crimes against sexual immunity of minors, except in cases of commission of such a crime by a minor in respect of a minor aged between fourteen and eighteen years.

A person committed a criminal offence or a crime of little or average gravity, not related with cause death shall subject to release from criminal responsibility, if he she is reconciled with injured person, applicant, as well as according to the procedure of mediation, and expiated a caused harm.

The minors, pregnant women, women with young children, men alone raising young children, women aged fifty-eight years old and over, men aged sixty-three years old and over, first committed a grievous crime, not related with cause death or grievous harm to human health may be released from criminal responsibility, if they are reconciled with injured person, applicant, as well as according to the procedure of mediation, and expiated a caused harm.

Enforcement measures of educational impact may be applied to the minor upon release from criminal responsibility. In the cases when a harm is caused by criminal infraction to the interests of society and the state, protected by the Law, a person specified in a first or second part of this Article may be released from criminal responsibility, if he she sincerely repentance and expiated a harm, caused to the interests of society and the state, protected by the Law.

The provisions of this Article shall not be applied to persons who committed:. A person, who committed a criminal offence for the first time or a minor or medium-gravity crime without causing death or grievous bodily harm, for the commission of which a relevant article or part of an article of the Special Part of this Code provides for a fine among other types of basic punishments, may be released from punishment by court if secured by the surety. The surety securing means the posting of security equal to the maximum size of a fine prescribed for a criminal offence committed.

The security shall be returned to the surety upon the expiration of the security period if the person released from punishment did not commit a new criminal offence during it. In this case, the security becomes state property. Provision of this Article shall not be applied to the persons, committed a corruption crime, crime of terrorism, extremist crime, the crime committed in a composition of criminal group, crimes against sexual immunity of minors.

A person, committed a criminal infraction shall subject to release by court from criminal responsibility, if he she is recognized that during investigation of the case in a court due to change of conditions, an action, committed by him her ceased to be socially dangerous. A person first committed a criminal offence of little or average gravity shall subject to release by court from criminal responsibility, if it is established that by virtue of subsequent irreproachable conduct this person during investigation of the case in a court may not be considered as socially dangerous.

A person shall be released from criminal responsibility, if from the date of commission of criminal infraction the following terms have expired:. Period of limitations shall be calculated from the date of commission of criminal infraction and up to the moment of entry of sentence into legal force.

Validity of period of limitations on criminal offences independent from commission of a new criminal infraction shall not be suspended and terminated. Validity of period of limitations shall be suspended, if a person, committed a crime evades from investigation and court.

In this case validity of period of limitations recommences from the date of detention of a person or acknowledgement of guilt. Upon that a person may not be brought to the criminal responsibility, if from the date of commission of a crime validity was not revived and the following terms have expired:. Limitation period shall be interrupted if, before the expiry of the terms, specified in part one of this Article, a person who has committed a grave or especially grave crime, commits a new grave or especially grave crime.

In such cases, calculation of the limitation period begins anew from the date of commission of a new crime. In other cases, if the person commits the crime again before the expiration of the limitation period, the limitation period for each crime expires independently. An issue on application of the period of limitations to the person, committed a crime, for which the death penalty or life imprisonment is imposed under this Code shall be solved by court.

If a court deems it possible to release a person from a criminal responsibility in connection with expiration of the period of limitations, the death penalty is commuted by life imprisonment, and the life imprisonment is commuted by imprisonment for the term of twenty-five years. Limitation periods shall not be applied to the persons who committed crimes against the peace and security of mankind, terroristic crimes, extremist crimes, torture, crimes against sexual immunity of minors, as well as especially grave crimes against the person, the foundations of constitutional system and security of the state, against public security and public order.

A person, serving restriction of liberty or imprisonment, after actual service of terms, specified in the third, fourth and fifth part of this Article may be released on probation — on parole by court, if it is recognized by court that he she does not need a full serving of sentence for his her correction. A person, serving restriction of liberty or imprisonment, after actual service of terms, specified in the third, fourth and fifth part of this Article shall subject to release on probation — on parole in the case of full compensation by them of damage, caused by crime and absence of gross violations of established procedure of service of sentence.

A person, serving of imprisonment, imposed for terroristic or extremist crime, but resulting loss of life and linked with commission of especially grave crime, after actual service of terms, specified in the third, fourth and fifth part of this Article may be released on probation — on parole by court, if he she actively assists in prevention, detection or investigation of terroristic or extremist crimes, exposure of participants of terroristic or extremist group. Upon that a person may be completely or partially released from service of additional type of sentence.

Probationary control shall be established in respect of person, released on probation — on parole by court from service of sentence in the form of imprisonment, during remaining unserved part of punishment, by the rules of second part of Article 44 of this Code. Obligations, provided by Penal Execution Code of the Republic of Kazakhstan shall be also entrusted to the person upon application of conditionally early release.

Probation control shall not be established in case of release on parole of a foreigner or a stateless person, to whom the court imposed the expulsion from the Republic of Kazakhstan as an additional form of punishment. Conditionally early release may be applied only after actual service by the convicted person:. Time limitations. When prosecution barred by former prosecution for the same offense.

When prosecution barred by former prosecution for different offense. When prosecution barred by former prosecution in another jurisdiction. Former prosecution before court lacking jurisdiction or when fraudulently procured by the defendant. Chapter 3. Requirement of voluntary act. General requirements of culpability. Causal relationship between conduct and result. Ignorance or mistake. Limitations on scope of culpability requirements. Liability for conduct of another; complicity. Liability of organizations and certain related persons.

Intoxication or drugged condition. Military orders. De minimis infractions. Guilty but mentally ill. Chapter 5. General Principles of Justification. Justification a defense. Justification generally. Execution of public duty. Use of force in self-protection. Use of force for the protection of other persons. Use of force for the protection of property. Use of force in law enforcement. Use of force by persons with special responsibility for care, discipline or safety of others.

Justification in property crimes. Chapter 7. Responsibility Reserved. Chapter 9. Inchoate Crimes. Criminal attempt. Criminal solicitation. Criminal conspiracy. Incapacity, irresponsibility or immunity of party to solicitation or conspiracy. Grading of criminal attempt, solicitation and conspiracy. Multiple convictions of inchoate crimes barred. Possessing instruments of crime.

Prohibited offensive weapons. Use or possession of electric or electronic incapacitation device. Manufacture, distribution or possession of master keys for motor vehicles. Manufacture, distribution, use or possession of devices for theft of telecommunications services.

Corrupt organizations. Possession of weapon on school property. Possession of firearm or other dangerous weapon in court facility. Chapter Authorized Disposition of Offenders. Sentence for murder, murder of unborn child and murder of law enforcement officer. Sentence of persons under the age of 18 for murder, murder of an unborn child and murder of a law enforcement officer.

Sentence of imprisonment for felony. Sentence of imprisonment for misdemeanors. Sentence of imprisonment for summary offenses. Restitution for injuries to person or property. Restitution for theft of timber. Restitution for identity theft.

District attorneys' standing and interest in prisoner litigation. Restitution for cleanup of clandestine laboratories. Accelerated Rehabilitative Disposition prohibited. Authority of Court in Sentencing Transferred. Subchapter A. General Provisions Transferred. Subchapter B. Sentencing Authority Transferred. Subchapter C. Sentencing Alternatives Transferred. Subchapter D. Informational Basis of Sentence Transferred. Subchapter E.

Imposition of Sentence Transferred. Subchapter F. Further Judicial Action Transferred. Subchapter G. Pennsylvania Commission on Sentencing Repealed or Transferred. Offenses Against the Flag. Display of flag at public meetings. Desecration of flag. Insults to national or Commonwealth flag. Criminal Homicide.

Criminal homicide. Voluntary manslaughter. Involuntary manslaughter. Causing or aiding suicide. Drug delivery resulting in death. Criminal homicide of law enforcement officer. Crimes Against Unborn Child. Short title of chapter. Criminal homicide of unborn child. Murder of unborn child. Voluntary manslaughter of unborn child. Aggravated assault of unborn child. Nonliability and defenses. Simple assault. Aggravated assault. Assault of law enforcement officer.

Assault by prisoner. Aggravated harassment by prisoner. Assault by life prisoner. Recklessly endangering another person. Terroristic threats. Propulsion of missiles into an occupied vehicle or onto a roadway. Discharge of a firearm into an occupied structure.

Paintball guns and paintball markers. Use of tear or noxious gas in labor disputes. Ethnic intimidation. Probable cause arrests in domestic violence cases. Assault on sports official. Neglect of care-dependent person. Abuse of care-dependent person. Unauthorized administration of intoxicant. Threat to use weapons of mass destruction. Weapons of mass destruction. Aggravated hazing. Organizational hazing.

Institutional hazing. Defenses prohibited. Enforcement by institution and secondary school. Institutional reports. Safe harbor. Civil remedies. Unlawful restraint. False imprisonment. Interference with custody of children. Interference with custody of committed persons. Criminal coercion. Disposition of ransom. Missing children. Concealment of whereabouts of a child. Luring a child into a motor vehicle or structure.

Human Trafficking. Prosecution of Human Trafficking. Trafficking in individuals. Involuntary servitude. Patronizing a victim of sexual servitude. Unlawful conduct regarding documents. Nonpayment of wages. Obstruction of justice. Violation by business entities. Evidence and defenses to human trafficking.

Victim protection during prosecution. Asset forfeiture. Professional licenses. Cumulative remedies. Data collection. Concurrent jurisdiction. Prevention of Human Trafficking. Protection of Victims of Human Trafficking. Civil causes of action. Protection of victims. Appropriate implementation for minor victims of human trafficking Repealed.

Victims in shelters. Special relief to restore victim's dignity and autonomy. Safe Harbor for Sexually Exploited Children. Statewide protocol. Specialized services for sexually exploited children. Law enforcement training. Safe harbor for sexually exploited children. Miscellaneous Provisions. Sexual Offenses. Mistake as to age. Spouse relationships Repealed. Evidence of victim's sexual conduct. Prompt complaint. Testimony of complainants. Resistance not required. Definition of Offenses.

Statutory rape Repealed. Statutory sexual assault. Involuntary deviate sexual intercourse. Voluntary deviate sexual intercourse Repealed. Sexual assault. Institutional sexual assault. Sexual assault by sports official, volunteer or employee of nonprofit association. Aggravated indecent assault. Indecent assault.

Indecent exposure. Spousal sexual assault Repealed. Sexual intercourse with animal. Conduct relating to sex offenders. Unlawful dissemination of intimate image. Female mutiliation. Sexual extortion. Loss of Property Rights. General rule. Process and seizure Repealed. Custody of property Repealed. Disposal of property Repealed. Legislative intent.

Medical consultation and judgment. Informed consent. Parental consent. Abortion facilities. Printed information. Commonwealth interference prohibited. Spousal notice. Determination of gestational age. Abortion on unborn child of 24 or more weeks gestational age. Prohibited acts. Publicly owned facilities; public officials and public funds. Fetal experimentation. Civil penalties.

Criminal penalties. Arson and related offenses. Causing or risking catastrophe. Failure to prevent catastrophe. Criminal mischief. Injuring or tampering with fire apparatus, hydrants, etc. Unauthorized use or opening of fire hydrants. Institutional vandalism. Additional fine for arson committed for profit. Agricultural vandalism. Agricultural crop destruction. Destruction of a survey monument.

Illegal dumping of methamphetamine waste. Burglary and Other Criminal Intrusion. Criminal trespass. Railroad protection, railroad vandalism and interference with transportation facilities. Unlawful use of unmanned aircraft. Robbery of motor vehicle. Theft and Related Offenses. Consolidation of theft offenses. Grading of theft offenses. Arrest without warrant. Theft by unlawful taking or disposition. Theft by deception. Theft by extortion. Theft of property lost, mislaid, or delivered by mistake.

Receiving stolen property. Theft of services. Theft by failure to make required disposition of funds received. Unauthorized use of automobiles and other vehicles. Retail theft. Library theft. Unlawful possession of retail or library theft instruments. Organized retail theft. Theft of trade secrets. Theft of unpublished dramas and musical compositions. Theft of leased property.

Unlawful use of computer Repealed. Theft from a motor vehicle. Theft of secondary metal Unconstitutional. Theft of secondary metal. Forgery and Fraudulent Practices. Simulating objects of antiquity, rarity, etc. Fraudulent destruction, removal or concealment of recordable instruments. Tampering with records or identification. Bad checks. Access device fraud. Unlawful device-making equipment. Deceptive or fraudulent business practices.

Deception relating to kosher food products. Deception relating to certification of minority business enterprise or women's business enterprise. Commercial bribery and breach of duty to act disinterestedly. Rigging publicly exhibited contest. Defrauding secured creditors. Fraud in insolvency. Receiving deposits in a failing financial institution. Misapplication of entrusted property and property of government or financial institutions.

Securing execution of documents by deception. Falsely impersonating persons privately employed. Copying; recording devices. Unlawful operation of recording device in motion picture theater. Insurance fraud. Washing vehicle titles. Trademark counterfeiting. Identity theft. Possession and use of unlawful devices. Offenses Against the Family. Definition of Offenses Generally.

Concealing death of child. Endangering welfare of children. Dealing in infant children. Newborn protection. Nonsupport Repealed. Bribery and Corrupt Influence. Bribery in official and political matters. Threats and other improper influence in official and political matters.

Retaliation for past official action. Falsification and Intimidation. Perjury and Falsification in Official Matters. False swearing. Unsworn falsification to authorities. False alarms to agencies of public safety. False reports to law enforcement authorities. False reports of child abuse. Tampering with witnesses and informants Repealed. Retaliation against witness or informant Repealed. Witness or informant taking bribe. Tampering with or fabricating physical evidence.

Tampering with public records or information. Impersonating a public servant. Impersonating a notary public or a holder of a professional or occupational license. False identification to law enforcement authorities. Failure to comply with registration of sexual offenders requirements Expired.

Failure to comply with registration requirements. Failure to comply with 42 Pa. I registration requirements. Victim and Witness Intimidation. Intimidation of witnesses or victims. Retaliation against witness, victim or party. Retaliation against prosecutor or judicial official. Protective orders. Notice on protective order. Violation of orders. Pretrial release. Protection of employment of crime victims, family members of victims and witnesses.

Intimidation, retaliation or obstruction in child abuse cases. Obstructing Governmental Operations. Obstructing administration of law or other governmental function. Obstructing or impeding the administration of justice by picketing, etc. Unlawfully listening into deliberations of jury. Unlawful use of an audio or video device in court. Resisting arrest or other law enforcement. Disarming law enforcement officer.

Hindering apprehension or prosecution. Failure to report injuries by firearm or criminal act. Aiding consummation of crime. Contempt of General Assembly. Dealing in proceeds of unlawful activities. Obstructing emergency services. Weapons or implements for escape. Default in required appearance. Absconding witness. Flight to avoid apprehension, trial or punishment. Criminal Gangs. Recruiting criminal gang members. Abuse of Office. Official oppression. Speculating or wagering on official action or information.

Liability for reimbursement of costs for outside counsel. Riot, Disorderly Conduct and Related Offenses. Failure of disorderly persons to disperse upon official order. Disorderly conduct. Harassment and stalking by communication or address Repealed.

Public drunkenness and similar misconduct. Loitering and prowling at night time. Obstructing highways and other public passages. Disrupting meetings and processions. Desecration, theft or sale of venerated objects. Abuse of corpse. Cruelty to animals Repealed. Live animals as prizes prohibited Repealed.

Police animals Repealed. Assault with a biological agent on animal, fowl or honey bees Repealed. Lotteries, etc. Gambling devices, gambling, etc. Pool selling and bookmaking. Prohibiting of paramilitary training.

Facsimile weapons of mass destruction. Unauthorized school bus entry. Cruelty to Animals. Neglect of animal. Cruelty to animal. Aggravated cruelty to animal. Attack of service, guide or support dog. Tethering of unattended dog. Selling or using disabled horse. Limitation on the regulation of firearms and ammunition. Certain bullets prohibited. Proof of license and exception. Waiver of disability or pardons. Administrative regulations. Distribution of uniform firearm laws and firearm safety brochures.

Firearm tracing. Abandonment of firearms, weapons or ammunition. Firearms Generally. Purchase of firearms in contiguous states Repealed. Purchase of rifles and shotguns outside this Commonwealth. Locking device for firearms. Other Dangerous Articles. Carrying explosives on conveyances. Shipping explosives.

Straw Purchase Prevention Education Program. Scope of subchapter. Legislative findings and declarations. Powers and duties of Attorney General. Straw Purchase Prevention Education Fund. Transfer for initial funding. Corruption of minors. Sale or lease of weapons and explosives. Sale of starter pistols. Sale and use of air rifles. Sale of tobacco products.

Furnishing cigarettes or cigarette papers Repealed. Use of tobacco products in schools prohibited. Misrepresentation of age to secure liquor or malt or brewed beverages. Purchase, consumption, possession or transportation of liquor or malt or brewed beverages. Safe harbor for violation of section a. Representing that minor is of age.

Inducement of minors to buy liquor or malt or brewed beverages. Selling or furnishing liquor or malt or brewed beverages to minors. Manufacture or sale of false identification card. Carrying a false identification card. Restriction of operating privileges Repealed. Predisposition evaluation. Selling or furnishing nonalcoholic beverages to persons under 21 years of age. Tattooing and body piercing. Sexual abuse of children.

Special information. Sentencing and penalties for trafficking drugs to minors. Selling or furnishing butane to minors. Selling or furnishing certain stimulants to minors. Drug-free school zones. Unlawful contact with minor. Solicitation of minors to traffic drugs. Sexual exploitation of children. Transmission of sexually explicit images by minor.

Access of minors to dextromethorphan. Scattering rubbish. Refrigerators and iceboxes. Posting advertisements on property of another. Public nuisances. Discarding television sets and tubes. Proprietary and Official Rights. Wearing of uniforms and insignia and misrepresentation of military service or honors. Sale of veterans' flowers. Dealing in military decorations. Fraud on association having grand lodge.

Use of containers bearing owner's name Repealed. Use or possession of stamped containers Repealed. False registration of domestic animals. Retention of library property after notice to return. Use of union labels. Unauthorized use of registered insignia. Retention of military property after notice to return.

Use of carts, cases, trays, baskets, boxes and other containers. Public Utilities. Extension of water line. Willful obstruction of emergency telephone calls. Railroad employee abandoning train. Interfering with railroad employee.

Nails and other hard substances attached to utility poles. Erection of crossing signboards. Obstructing public crossings. Obstructing private crossings. Lights obstructing view of signals. Unauthorized sale or transfer of tickets. Sports and Amusements. Fraudulent entry of horses in race.

Administering drugs to race horses. Horse racing. Fortune telling. Pool and billiard rooms. Theater operators to require proof of age. Unlawful actions by athlete agents. Trade and Commerce. Distribution of samples of medicine, dyes, etc. Sale and labeling of solidified alcohol. Sale or illegal use of certain solvents and noxious substances. Illegal sale or use of certain fire extinguishers. Sale of gasoline in glass container. Incendiary devices. Out-of-state convict made goods.

Unlawful advertising of insurance business. Unlawful coercion in contracting insurance. Furnishing free insurance as inducement for purchases. Unlawful collection agency practices. Debt pooling. Unauthorized disposition of donated food commodities. Keeping bucket-shop. Accessories in conduct of bucket-shop. Maintaining of premises in which bucket-shop operated. Bucket-shop contracts. Attaching advertisement without consent of publisher.

Lie detector tests. Demanding property to secure employment. Discrimination on account of uniform. Unlawful sale of dissertations, theses and term papers. Discrimination on account of service, guide or support dog or other aid animal. Disclosure of confidential tax information. Storage, consumption and sale of alcoholic beverages on unlicensed business premises. Operation of certain establishments prohibited without local option. Prohibition of certain types of entertainment on bottle club premises.

Internet child pornography Repealed. Unlicensed mortgage loan business. Sunday Trading. Worldly employment or business. Trading in motor vehicles and trailers Repealed. Selling certain personal property. Selling or otherwise dealing in fresh meats, produce and groceries. Trading in motor vehicles and trailers. Other Offenses. Removal of mobile home to evade tax. Failure of mobile home court operator to make reports. Interest of certain architects and engineers in public work contracts.

Appointment of special policemen. Violation of governmental rules regarding traffic. Violation of rules regarding conduct on Commonwealth property. Breach of privacy by using a psychological-stress evaluator, an audio-stress monitor or a similar device without consent. Invasion of privacy. Drug trafficking sentencing and penalties. Operation of methamphetamine laboratory. Furnishing drug-free urine. Municipal housing code avoidance Repealed.

Control of alarm devices and automatic dialing devices. Criminal use of communication facility. Restriction on alcoholic beverages Repealed. Operating a motor vehicle not equipped with ignition interlock Repealed. Contingent compensation. Greyhound racing and simulcasting. Commemorative service demonstration activities. Computer Offenses. Hacking and Similar Offenses.

Unlawful use of computer and other computer crimes. Disruption of service. Computer theft. Unlawful duplication. Computer trespass. Distribution of computer virus. Internet Child Pornography. Duty of Internet service provider. Protection of privacy. Jurisdiction for prosecution. Application for order to remove or disable items.

Order to remove or disable certain items from Internet service provider's service. Notification procedure. Designated agent. Report to General Assembly. Unlawful Use of Computers. Computer-assisted remote harvesting of animals. Electronic Mail. Unlawful transmission of electronic mail. Owning, operating or conducting a chop shop. Alteration or destruction of vehicle identification number. Disposition of vehicle or vehicle part with altered vehicle identification number.

Loss of property rights to Commonwealth. Procedure with respect to seized property subject to liens and rights of lienholders Repealed. Criminal History Record Information. Other criminal justice information. Information in central repository or automated systems. Completeness and Accuracy.

Duties of criminal justice agencies. Mandatory fingerprinting. Disposition reporting by criminal justice agencies. Correction of inaccurate information. Dissemination of Criminal History Record Information. General regulations. Petition for limited access. Clean slate limited access. Order to vacate order for limited access.

Effects of expunged records and records subject to limited access. Employer immunity from liability. Juvenile records. Use of records by licensing agencies. Use of records for employment. Security requirements for repositories. Quality control. Individual Right of Access and Review. Right to access and review. Individual rights on access and review. Responsibility of Attorney General.

Duties of the Attorney General. Subchapter H. Public Notice. Requirements of repositories relating to public notice. Subchapter I. General administrative sanctions. Criminal penalties Deleted by amendment. Civil actions.

Conflicts of Interest. Independent Counsel Repealed. Preliminary Provisions Repealed. General Provisions Repealed. Authority and Duties of Independent Counsel Repealed. Miscellaneous Provisions Repealed. Crime Victims. Office of Victim Advocate. Independent Counsel.

Preliminary Provisions. Scope of chapter. Administrative expenses. Organization of panel. Preliminary investigation. Conduct of preliminary investigation. Determination that further investigation not warranted. Determination that further investigation is warranted.

Contents of application. Duties of panel. Disclosure of information. Authority and Duties of Independent Counsel. Compensation and travel expenses. Additional personnel. Assistance of Pennsylvania State Police. Referral of other matters to independent counsel.

Dismissal of matters. Reports by independent counsel. Independence from office of Attorney General. Standards of conduct. Custody of records of independent counsel. Cost controls and administrative support.

Legislative oversight. Removal of independent counsel and termination of office. Relationship with office of Attorney General. Definition of Specific Offenses. Unless otherwise noted, the provisions of Title 18 were added December 6, , P. Special Provisions in Appendix. See sections 2, 3 and 4 of Act of in the appendix to this title for special provisions relating to offenses committed prior to the effective date of this title, severability and applicability of Statutory Construction Act.

Part I was added December 6, , P. Chapter 1 was added December 6, , P. This title shall be known and may be cited as the "Crimes Code. Act 44 amended subsec. Cross References. Section is referred to in sections , of this title. Subject to additional definitions contained in subsequent provisions of this title which are applicable to specific provisions of this part, the following words and phrases when used in this title shall have, unless the context clearly indicates otherwise, the meanings given to them in this section:.

Act amended the defs. Act 66 added the def. Act 53 amended the intro. References in Text. The act of June 18, P. The general purposes of this title are:. The provisions of this title shall be construed according to the fair import of their terms but when the language is susceptible of differing constructions it shall be interpreted to further the general purposes stated in this title and the special purposes of the particular provision involved. The discretionary powers conferred by this title shall be exercised in accordance with the criteria stated in this title and, in so far as such criteria are not decisive, to further the general purposes stated in this title.

The classes of crime are:. A crime is first degree murder of an unborn child, second degree murder of an unborn child or third degree murder of an unborn child if it is so designated in this title or if a person convicted of criminal homicide of an unborn child may be sentenced in accordance with the provisions of section Act 44 amended subsecs. Section is referred to in sections , , , of this title; sections Act repealed Act 38 of , which amended subsec.

Act added present section and repealed former section , which related to the same subject matter, effective 60 days from the date of final enactment of the act of April 28, P. When a prosecution is for a violation of the same provision of the statutes and is based upon the same facts as a former prosecution, it is barred by such former prosecution under the following circumstances:. There is an acquittal if the prosecution resulted in a finding of not guilty by the trier of fact or in a determination that there was insufficient evidence to warrant a conviction.

A finding of guilty of a lesser included offense is an acquittal of the greater inclusive offense, although the conviction is subsequently set aside. There is a conviction if the prosecution resulted in a judgment of conviction which has not been reversed or vacated, a verdict of guilty which has not been set aside and which is capable of supporting a judgment, or a plea of guilty accepted by the court. In the latter two cases failure to enter judgment must be for a reason other than a motion of the defendant.

Section is referred to in sections , , of this title. Although a prosecution is for a violation of a different provision of the statutes than a former prosecution or is based on different facts, it is barred by such former prosecution under the following circumstances:. June 28, , P. Act 82 amended par. Section is referred to in section of this title.

When conduct constitutes an offense within the concurrent jurisdiction of this Commonwealth and of the United States or another state, a prosecution in any such other jurisdiction is a bar to a subsequent prosecution in this Commonwealth under the following circumstances:. A prosecution is not a bar within the meaning of section of this title relating to when prosecution barred by former prosecution for the same offense through section of this title relating to when prosecution barred by former prosecution in another jurisdiction under any of the following circumstances:.

Chapter 3 was added December 6, , P. Chapter 3 is referred to in section of this title. The risk must be of such a nature and degree that, considering the nature and intent of the actor's conduct and the circumstances known to him, its disregard involves a gross deviation from the standard of conduct that a reasonable person would observe in the actor's situation.

The risk must be of such a nature and degree that the actor's failure to perceive it, considering the nature and intent of his conduct and the circumstances known to him, involves a gross deviation from the standard of care that a reasonable person would observe in the actor's situation. When acting knowingly suffices to establish an element, such element also is established if a person acts intentionally. Section is referred to in sections , of this title; section of Title 23 Domestic Relations.

Ignorance or mistake as to a matter of fact, for which there is reasonable explanation or excuse, is a defense if:. Section is referred to in sections , , of this title; section of Title 42 Judiciary and Judicial Procedure. This subsection shall not apply if it is plainly inconsistent with the legislative purpose in defining the particular offense.

Neither voluntary intoxication nor voluntary drugged condition is a defense to a criminal charge, nor may evidence of such conditions be introduced to negative the element of intent of the offense, except that evidence of such intoxication or drugged condition of the defendant may be offered by the defendant whenever it is relevant to reduce murder from a higher degree to a lower degree of murder. The defense is also unavailable if he was negligent in placing himself in such a situation, whenever negligence suffices to establish culpability for the offense charged.

Section is referred to in section of Title 42 Judiciary and Judicial Procedure. It is a defense that the actor, in engaging in the conduct charged to constitute an offense, does no more than execute an order of his superior in the armed services which he does not know and cannot reasonably be expected to know to be unlawful. Act 24 amended subsec. June 22, , P. Act 73 amended subsec. No plea of guilty but mentally ill may be accepted by the trial judge until he has examined all reports prepared pursuant to the Rules of Criminal Procedure, has held a hearing on the sole issue of the defendant's mental illness at which either party may present evidence and is satisfied that the defendant was mentally ill at the time of the offense to which the plea is entered.

If the trial judge refuses to accept a plea of guilty but mentally ill, the defendant shall be permitted to withdraw his plea. A defendant whose plea is not accepted by the court shall be entitled to a jury trial, except that if a defendant subsequently waives his right to a jury trial, the judge who presided at the hearing on mental illness shall not preside at the trial.

Act added section Section 4 of Act provided that Act shall apply to all indictments or informations filed on or after the effective date of Act Chapter 5 was added December 6, , P. Chapter 5 is referred to in sections , Subject to additional definitions contained in subsequent provisions of this chapter which are applicable to specific provisions of this chapter, the following words and phrases, when used in this chapter shall have, unless the context clearly indicates otherwise, the meanings given to them in this section:.

The term "peace officer" shall also include any member of any park police department of any county of the third class. Assent constitutes consent, within the meaning of this section, whether or not it otherwise is legally effective, except assent to the infliction of death or serious bodily injury. July 6, , P. See the preamble to Act 10 in the appendix to this title for special provisions relating to legislative findings.

Section is referred to in sections , In any prosecution based on conduct which is justifiable under this chapter, justification is a defense. Act 10 amended subsec. Section is referred to in section of this title; section of Title 23 Domestic Relations ; section Section is referred to in section of Title 23 Domestic Relations ; section Act amended subsec.

Section is referred to in section of this title; section He is justified in the use of any force which he believes to be necessary to effect the arrest and of any force which he believes to be necessary to defend himself or another from bodily harm while making the arrest. However, he is justified in using deadly force only when he believes that such force is necessary to prevent death or serious bodily injury to himself or such other person, or when he believes both that:.

However, the officer is justified in using deadly force only when the officer believes that such force is necessary to prevent death or serious bodily injury to himself or another or when the officer believes that:. July 17, , P. Act 41 amended subsec. Section is referred to in section The use of force upon or toward the person of another is justifiable if:. Conduct involving the appropriation, seizure or destruction of, damage to, intrusion on or interference with property is justifiable under circumstances which would establish a defense of privilege in a civil action based thereon, unless:.

Chapter 7 Reserved was added December 6, , P. Chapter 9 was added December 6, , P. Chapter 9 is referred to in section of this title. Section is referred to in section of this title; sections , of Title 42 Judiciary and Judicial Procedure. Section is referred to in section of this title; section of Title 5 Athletics and Sports ; sections , of Title 42 Judiciary and Judicial Procedure. Act 53 amended subsec. Section is referred to in sections , of this title; sections , of Title 42 Judiciary and Judicial Procedure.

A person may not be convicted of more than one of the inchoate crimes of criminal attempt, criminal solicitation or criminal conspiracy for conduct designed to commit or to culminate in the commission of the same crime. The term includes a firearm which is not loaded or lacks a clip or other component to render it immediately operable, and components which can readily be assembled into a weapon.

Act 98 overlooked the amendment by Act 27 of , but the amendments do not conflict in substance and have both been given effect in setting forth the text of section Also exempt from this section are forensic firearms experts or forensic firearms laboratories operating in the ordinary course of business and engaged in lawful operation who notify in writing, on an annual basis, the chief or head of any police force or police department of a city, and, elsewhere, the sheriff of a county in which they are located, of the possession, type and use of offensive weapons.

Section is referred to in section of this title; section of Title 5 Athletics and Sports. Otherwise any offense under this section is graded as a misdemeanor of the first degree. The term does not include cattle prods, electric fences or other electric devices when used in agricultural, animal husbandry or food production activities. The forfeiture shall be conducted in accordance with 42 Pa.

It shall be no defense to a violation of subsection a that some of the acts constituting the offense occurred outside of this Commonwealth. In determining the violator's profits, the complaining party shall be required to prove only the violator's gross revenue, and the violator shall be required to prove his deductible expenses and the elements of profit attributable to factors other than the violation.

In addition to the examples listed in section , the term includes, but is not limited to, any device, technology, product, service, equipment, computer software or component or part thereof, primarily distributed, sold, designed, assembled, manufactured, modified, programmed, reprogrammed or used for the purpose of providing unauthorized disruption of, decryption of, access to or acquisition of any telecommunication service provided by any cable television, satellite, telephone, wireless, microwave or radio distribution system or facility.

July 20, , P. July 1, Act 13 amended subsec. Act reenacted section Section is referred to in section of this title; section of Title 42 Judiciary and Judicial Procedure. A violation of this subsection shall be deemed to continue so long as the person who committed the violation continues to receive any benefit from the violation.

Pending final determination, the court may enter preliminary or special injunctions, or take such other actions, including the acceptance of satisfactory performance bonds, as it may deem proper. In the case of service by registered or certified mail, such return shall be accompanied by the return post office receipt of delivery of such demand. Such party may upon agreement of the investigator substitute copies of all or any part of such material for the originals thereof.

The investigator may cause the preparation of such copies of such documentary material as may be required for official use. While in the possession of the investigator, no material so produced shall be available for examination, without the consent of the party who produced such material, by any individual other than the Attorney General or any racketeering investigator. Under such reasonable terms and conditions as the Attorney General shall prescribe, documentary material while in the possession of the investigator shall be available for examination by the party who produced such material or any duly authorized representatives of such party.

The time allowed for compliance with the demand in whole or in part as deemed proper and ordered by the court shall not run during the pendency of such petition in the court. Such petition shall specify each ground upon which the petitioner relies in seeking such relief, and may be based upon any failure of such demand to comply with the provisions of this subsection or upon any constitutional or other legal right or privilege of such party.

Chapter 25 relating to criminal homicide. Section relating to terroristic threats. Chapter 29 relating to kidnapping. Chapter 30 relating to human trafficking. Chapter 33 relating to arson, criminal mischief and other property destruction. Chapter 37 relating to robbery. Chapter 39 relating to theft and related offenses. Section relating to commercial bribery and breach of duty to act disinterestedly. Section relating to rigging publicly exhibited contest.

Section relating to insurance fraud. Chapter 47 relating to bribery and corrupt influence. Chapter 49 relating to falsification and intimidation. Section relating to dealing in proceeds of unlawful activities. Section relating to lotteries, etc.

Section relating to gambling devices, gambling, etc. Section relating to pool selling and bookmaking. Chapter 59 relating to public indecency. II relating to gaming. An act which otherwise would be considered racketeering activity by reason of the application of this paragraph, shall not be excluded from its application solely because the operative acts took place outside the jurisdiction of this Commonwealth, if such acts would have been in violation of the law of the jurisdiction in which they occurred.

Act 55 amended subsec. Act 6 amended subsec. Section is referred to in sections , of this title; section of Title 42 Judiciary and Judicial Procedure. Any individual checking a firearm, dangerous weapon or an item deemed to be a dangerous weapon at a court facility must be issued a receipt. Notice of the location of the facility shall be posted as required under subsection d.

The term does not include any device designed or used exclusively for the firing of stud cartridges, explosive rivets or similar industrial ammunition. June 13, , 1st Sp. Act 16 amended subsec. See section 29 of Act in the appendix to this title for special provisions relating to construction of law. Act 59 amended subsec. Act 17, 1st Sp. See the preamble to Act 17, 1st Sp. Section is referred to in section of Title 61 Prisons and Parole.

Chapter 11 was added December 6, , P. Chapter 11 is referred to in section of this title. A person who has been convicted of an offense may be sentenced to pay a fine not exceeding:. Act 5, 1st Sp. Section is referred to in sections , , of this title; section of Title 75 Vehicles. This paragraph shall not affect the determination of an aggravating circumstance under 42 Pa. Where serious bodily injury does not result, the person may be sentenced to a term of imprisonment which shall be fixed by the court at not more than 20 years.

Act amended subsecs. Act amended the section heading and subsecs. A victim impact statement may include comment on the sentence of the defendant. Sentencing guidelines promulgated by the Pennsylvania Commission on Sentencing may not supersede the mandatory minimum sentences provided under this section. The appellate court shall vacate the sentence and remand the case to the sentencing court for imposition of a sentence in accordance with this section if it finds that the sentence was imposed in violation of this section.

Section Except as provided in 42 Pa. A person who has been convicted of a misdemeanor may be sentenced to imprisonment for a definite term which shall be fixed by the court and shall be not more than:. Section is referred to in section of Title 75 Vehicles. A person who has been convicted of a summary offense may be sentenced to imprisonment for a term which shall be fixed by the court at not more than 90 days.

The court shall not reduce a restitution award by any amount that the victim has received from the Crime Victim's Compensation Board or other government agency but shall order the defendant to pay any restitution ordered for loss previously compensated by the board to the Crime Victim's Compensation Fund or other designated account when the claim involves a government agency in addition to or in place of the board.

The court shall not reduce a restitution award by any amount that the victim has received from an insurance company but shall order the defendant to pay any restitution ordered for loss previously compensated by an insurance company to the insurance company. However, when establishing priorities, the court shall order payment in the following order:.

In determining the amount and method of restitution, the court:. This recommendation shall be based upon information solicited by the district attorney and received from the victim. The probation section or other agent designated by the county commissioners of the county with the approval of the president judge to collect restitution and the magisterial district judge shall maintain records of the restitution order and its satisfaction and shall forward to the victim the property or payments made pursuant to the restitution order.

Whenever the offender shall fail to make restitution within 20 days to a magisterial district judge, as ordered, the magisterial district judge shall declare the offender in contempt and forward the case to the court of common pleas. Upon such notice of failure to make restitution, or upon receipt of the contempt decision from a magisterial district judge, the court shall order a hearing to determine if the offender is in contempt of court or has violated his probation or parole.

The term includes an affected government agency, the Crime Victim's Compensation Fund, if compensation has been paid by the Crime Victim's Compensation Fund to the victim, any insurance company that has compensated the victim for loss under an insurance contract and any business entity.

June 18, , P. See sections 28 and 29 of Act in the appendix to this title for special provisions relating to applicability and construction of law. Act 12, 1st Sp. Act 53 amended subsecs. Act 86 added section Any person convicted for the theft of standing timber under section relating to theft by unlawful taking or disposition shall, in addition to any other sentence imposed, be sentenced to pay the owner of the timber restitution in an amount twice the value of the timber taken.

Act 42 added section The district attorney shall receive written notice of, and shall have automatic standing and a legal interest in, any proceeding which may involve the release or nonadmission of county prisoners, delinquents or detainees due to the fact, duration or other conditions of custody. In addition to the district attorney's rights in such a proceeding, the district attorney may seek any equitable relief necessary to protect the district attorney's interest in the continued institutional custody and admission of county prisoners, delinquents or detainees.

Act 31 added section In addition to any other sentence imposed, the court may order an offender to pay the cost of any reward paid for the apprehension and conviction of the offender. Act 20, 1st Sp. Section 4 of Act 20 provided that section shall apply to sentences imposed on or after the effective date of Act The attorney for the Commonwealth may not recommend and the court may not authorize placement on Accelerated Rehabilitative Disposition for a violation of any offense set forth in any of the following if the victim was, at the time of the commission of the offense, under 18 years of age:.

Act 50 added section Pennsylvania Commission on Sentencing Repealed or. Transfer Note. Prior Provisions. The number and heading of Chapter 13 were added December 6, , P. Unless otherwise noted, the remaining provisions of Chapter 13 were added December 30, , P. Repealed or Transferred. Repeal and Transfer Note. The subject matter of former sections through is now contained in Subchapter F of Chapter 21 of Title Subchapter G was added November 26, , P.

Former Subchapter G, which related to sentencing council, was added December 30, , P. Offenses Against Existence or Stability of Government. Offenses Involving Danger to the Person. Offenses Against Property. Offenses Against Public Administration.

Offenses Against Public Order and Decency. Miscellaneous Offenses. Part II was added December 6, , P. Chapter 21 was added December 6, , P. A person is guilty of a misdemeanor of the second degree if he maliciously takes down, defiles, injures, removes or in any manner damages, insults, or destroys any American flag or the flag of the Commonwealth which is displayed anywhere.

Chapter 23 was added December 6, , P. Subject to additional definitions contained in subsequent provisions of this article which are applicable to specific chapters or other provisions of this article, the following words and phrases, when used in this article shall have, unless the context clearly indicates otherwise, the meanings given to them in this section:.

Section is referred to in sections , , , , of this title; section Chapter 25 was added December 6, , P. Chapter 25 is referred to in sections , , of this title; section of Title 20 Decedents, Estates and Fiduciaries ; sections , , , of Title 23 Domestic Relations ; sections , Murder of the third degree is a felony of the first degree.

Section is referred to in sections , , , , , of this title; section of Title 5 Athletics and Sports ; section of Title 23 Domestic Relations ; sections , , Act 36, 1st Sp. Section is referred to in sections , , of this title; sections , , of Title 42 Judiciary and Judicial Procedure ; sections , , , of Title 61 Prisons and Parole. Where the victim is under 12 years of age and is in the care, custody or control of the person who caused the death, involuntary manslaughter is a felony of the second degree.

Section is referred to in sections , of this title; section of Title 75 Vehicles. Nothing in this section shall prevent a fine from being imposed on assets which have been subject to an unsuccessful forfeiture petition. Act 56 amended subsec. Section is referred to in sections , of this title; section of Title 42 Judiciary and Judicial Procedure ; section of Title 61 Prisons and Parole. Chapter 26 was added October 2, , P.

The following words and phrases when used in this chapter shall have the meanings given to them in this section unless the context clearly indicates otherwise:. In any criminal prosecution pursuant to this chapter, the provisions of Chapter 3 relating to culpability shall apply, except that:. The provisions of this chapter shall not be construed to prohibit the prosecution of an offender under any other provision of law.

Chapter 27 was added December 6, , P. Chapter 27 is referred to in sections , of this title; section of Title 23 Domestic Relations ; sections , Section is referred to in sections Aggravated assault under subsection a 3 , 4 , 5 , 6 , 7 and 8 is a felony of the second degree.

Act 51 amended subsec. Section is referred to in sections , , Act 63 amended subsec. Section is referred to in section of this title; section of Title 42 Judiciary and Judicial Procedure ; section of Title 61 Prisons and Parole. A person who is confined in or committed to any local or county detention facility, jail or prison or any State penal or correctional institution or other State penal or correctional facility located in this Commonwealth commits a felony of the third degree if he, while so confined or committed or while undergoing transportation to or from such an institution or facility in or to which he was confined or committed, intentionally or knowingly causes or attempts to cause another to come into contact with blood, seminal fluid, saliva, urine or feces by throwing, tossing, spitting or expelling such fluid or material.

Act 19 added section Every person who has been sentenced to death or life imprisonment in any penal institution located in this Commonwealth, and whose sentence has not been commuted, who commits an aggravated assault with a deadly weapon or instrument upon another, or by any means of force likely to produce serious bodily injury, is guilty of a crime, the penalty for which shall be the same as the penalty for murder of the second degree. A person is guilty of this offense if he intentionally or knowingly causes another to come into contact with blood, seminal fluid, saliva, urine or feces by throwing, tossing, spitting or expelling such fluid or material when, at the time of the offense, the person knew, had reason to know, should have known or believed such fluid or material to have been obtained from an individual, including the person charged under this section, infected by a communicable disease, including, but not limited to, human immunodeficiency virus HIV or hepatitis B.

A person commits a misdemeanor of the second degree if he recklessly engages in conduct which places or may place another person in danger of death or serious bodily injury. Act 82 amended subsecs. Section is referred to in sections , , of this title; section of Title 23 Domestic Relations ; section of Title 42 Judiciary and Judicial Procedure ; section of Title 75 Vehicles.

July 16, , P. As part of the diversionary program, the judicial authority may order the juvenile to participate in an educational program which includes the legal and nonlegal consequences of cyber harassment. The term includes lewd, lascivious, threatening or obscene words, language, drawings, caricatures or actions, either in person or anonymously. Acts indicating a course of conduct which occur in more than one jurisdiction may be used by any other jurisdiction in which an act occurred as evidence of a continuing pattern of conduct or a course of conduct.

June 23, , P. Act 26 amended subsecs. See the preamble to Act 59 of in the appendix to this title for special provisions relating to legislative intent. Act 91 amended subsec. See sections 9 and 10 of Act in the appendix to this title for special provisions relating to references to section and references to section Section is referred to in sections , , of this title; section of Title 5 Athletics and Sports ; sections , of Title 23 Domestic Relations ; sections , 62A03 of Title 42 Judiciary and Judicial Procedure ; section of Title 61 Prisons and Parole.

Act 32 amended subsec. Otherwise, an offense under this section shall be classified one degree higher in the classification specified in section relating to classes of offenses than the classification of the other offense. The Legislative Reference Bureau effectuated the unconstitutionality. Act of was declared unconstitutional. Marcavage v. Rendell, A. Commonwealth Act amended the entire section and Act amended subsec. Act overlooked the amendment by Act , but the amendments do not conflict in substance and both have been given effect in setting forth the text of subsec.

See section 2 of Act of in the appendix to this title for special provisions relating to right of action for injunction, damages or other relief. Effective Date. After December 2, , and before February 7, , section will reflect only the amendment by Act , as follows:.

A police officer may not arrest a person pursuant to this section without first observing recent physical injury to the victim or other corroborative evidence. For the purposes of this subsection, the term "family or household member" has the meaning given that term in 23 Pa. In no case shall the arresting officer release the defendant from custody rather than taking the defendant before the issuing authority.

In making a determination whether the defendant poses a threat of danger to the victim in cases under this section, the issuing authority may use a pretrial risk assessment tool as set forth in subsection c. If the issuing authority makes such a determination, it shall require as a condition of bail that the defendant shall refrain from entering the residence or household of the victim and the victim's place of employment and shall refrain from committing any further criminal conduct against the victim and shall so notify the defendant thereof at the time the defendant is admitted to bail.

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If an Article or part of Article of Special part of this Code, according to which a person is recognized as guilty shall provide less severe, than imprisonment, basic type of punishment, an imprisonment shall not be imposed upon conviction of person for commission of crime:. Upon existence of a mitigating circumstance, not provided as a sign of the committed crime and absence of aggravating circumstances, the term or extent of the main type of punishment may not exceed when committing of:.

In the cases of accelerated pre-trial investigation, as well as cases in which all conditions of the procedural agreement are fulfilled, the term or extent of the main type of punishment for the committed criminal infraction may not exceed half of the maximum term or extent provided by the relevant Article of the Special part of this Code. In cases, on which the verdict of guilty in the order of writ proceedings was made, a fine shall be imposed in the amount of ten to twenty monthly calculation indices in commission of a criminal offense, from fifty to two hundred monthly calculation indices — in commission of a crime of little gravity.

Upon existence of exceptional circumstances, related with the purposes and motives for action, the role of guilty person, his her behavior during or after commission of criminal infraction, and other consequences, essentially reducing the extent of social danger of the action, and equally upon active assistance of participant of group criminal infraction to detection of actions, committed by group, a punishment may be imposed below the lower limit, provided by the relevant Article of Special part of this Code, or the court may impose more lenient type of punishment than provided by this Article, or shall not apply an additional type of punishment, provided as compulsory.

Both separate mitigating consequences, and set of such consequences may be imposed as exceptional. Upon existence of consequences, specified in the second or third part of this Article, a punishment may be imposed below the lower limit provided by the relevant Article of Special part of this Code. In cases of imposition of punishment for preparation or attempted crime, the limits specified in parts two and three of this Article shall be determined, taking into account the provisions of Article 56 of this Code.

Consequences by virtue of which a crime was not brought to the end shall be considered upon imposition of punishment for uncompleted crime. The term or extent of punishment for preparation to a crime may not exceed half of the maximum term or extent of the main type of punishment provided by the relevant Article of the Special part of this Code for the completed crime.

The term or extent of punishment for attempted crime may not exceed three quarters of the maximum term or extent of the main type of punishment provided by the relevant Article of the Special part of this Code for the completed crime. Upon imposition of punishment for the criminal infraction, committed in complicity shall be considered the nature and extent of actual participation of person in its commission, the value of this participation for achievement of an objective of criminal infraction, its impact on the nature and extent of caused or possible harm.

Consequences, mitigating or aggravating the responsibility and punishment, relating to the personality of one of accomplices shall be considered upon imposition of punishment only to this accomplice. On a set of criminal infractions, a court imposed a punishment basic and additional for each infraction separately shall determine final punishment by absorption of less severe punishment by more severe or by complete or partial addition of imposed punishments.

If a set of criminal infractions includes only criminal offences, then the final punishment shall be imposed by absorbing a less severe punishment with a more severe one or by partial or full adding up of the punishment. In this case, the final extent of punishment in the form of a fine may not exceed four hundred monthly calculation indices, and the final term of punishment in the form of community service or arrest — four hundred hours or fifty days, respectively.

If a set of criminal infractions includes only criminal offences, crimes of little and average gravity, then the final punishment shall be imposed by absorbing a less severe punishment with a more severe one. If a set of criminal infractions involves grievous or especially grave crimes, the final punishment shall be imposed by absorption of less severe punishment by more severe or by partial or complete addition of punishments.

Upon that the final punishment in the form of imprisonment may not exceed twenty years. If a set of criminal infractions involves at least one of especially grave crime, for commission of which a punishment in the form of imprisonment for the term up to twenty years is provided by this Code, the final punishment shall be imposed by partial or complete addition of punishments.

Upon that the final punishment in the form of imprisonment may not exceed twenty five years. If a set of criminal infractions involves at least one of especially grave crime, for commission of which a punishment in the form of imprisonment for the term up to twenty years is provided by this Code, as well as a criminal offence, for commission of which a fine is imposed, the final punishment is imposed by absorption of less severe punishment by more severe.

If for the crime, including in a set shall be imposed a life imprisonment or death penalty, the final punishment shall be imposed in the form of life imprisonment or correspondingly in the form of death penalty. Additional punishments, imposed for infractions, constituting the set may be attached to the basic punishment, imposed on a set of criminal infractions. Upon partial or complete addition the final additional punishment may not exceed the maximum term or extent, established for this punishment of General part of this Code.

A punishment shall be imposed by the rules of this Article, if after sentencing by court of the case it is established that the convicted person is guilty also in other criminal infraction committed by him her before the sentencing in the first case.

In this case a punishment, served under the first court verdict shall be counted in the final term. Upon imposition of punishment at repetition of crimes, dangerous repetition of crimes shall be considered the number, nature and extent of social danger of previously committed crimes, consequence, by virtue of which the correctional treatment of the previous punishment was insufficient, as well as the nature and extent of social danger of subsequent infractions.

If the convicted person after sentencing, but before complete serving punishment is committed a new criminal infraction, the court shall partially or completely attach an unserved part of punishment on previous court verdict to the punishment, imposed on the last court verdict. The final punishment on a set of sentences in the case, if it does not related with imprisonment may not exceed the maximum term or extent, provided by General part of this Code for this type of punishment.

The final punishment on a set of sentences in the form of imprisonment may not exceed twenty five years. If a set of sentences involves a sentence, which a person is recognized as guilty in commission at least one especially grave crime, for the commission of which a punishment in the form of imprisonment is provided by this Code for the term up to twenty years, the final punishment on a set of sentences in the form of imprisonment may not exceed thirty years.

If a life imprisonment or death penalty is imposed for the crime, including in a set, the final punishment shall be imposed in the form of life imprisonment or correspondingly death penalty. The final punishment on a set of sentences shall be more like the punishments, imposed for newly committed criminal infraction, and unserved part of punishment on previous court verdict. Attachment of additional types of punishments upon imposition of punishments on a set of sentences shall be carried out by the rules of imposition of punishment on a set of criminal infractions.

At partial or full adding up of punishments on a set of criminal infractions and a set of verdicts:. Deprivation of special, military or honorary title, class rank, diplomatic rank, qualified class and the state awards, deprivation of right to hold specific position or engage in defined activity, deportation a foreigner or stateless person from the Republic of Kazakhstan, confiscation of property, as well as enforcement measures of medical nature upon addition them with bringing to public works, restriction of liberty, arrest, imprisonment shall be executed independently.

The term of deprivation of the right to occupy determined posts or to engage in a determined activity, restriction of liberty, imprisonment shall be calculated in months and years, arrest - in days, community service - in hours. Upon commutation of punishment or addition of punishments, specified in a first part of this Article, as well as upon offset of punishment, the terms may be calculated in days. The time of detention in custody until a judgment becomes final and binding shall be counted towards the sentence, counting one day as:.

The time of detention under house arrest before the entry of the sentence into legal force shall be included in the term of punishment in the form of deprivation of liberty, restriction of liberty, arrest at the rate of two days for one day, in the form of social works, corrective labors, a fine — at the rate of one day of detention under house arrest for two hours of social works or two monthly calculation indices, respectively.

The time of detention of person in custody before entry of court verdict into legal force and the time of service of imprisonment, imposed by court verdict for the crime, committed out of bounds of the Republic of Kazakhstan, in the case of extradition of person on the basis of Article 9 of this Code shall be included at the rate of one day for one day.

Upon revision of the verdict with imposing to the person of other form of punishment, the served term or executed extent of punishment before the revision of the verdict shall be included in the term or extent of a new punishment. When offsetting the served term or executed extent of punishment:.

The time, during which compulsory measures of a medical nature were applied to the person, who became ill of mental disease after committing a crime shall be included in the term or extent of punishment. If a punishment was imposed in the form of imprisonment, a court comes to the conclusion on possibility of correction of convicted person without service of sentence; it decides to consider an imposed punishment as conditional.

Upon application of conditional sentence a court shall consider the nature and extent of social danger of committed crime, personality of guilty person, as well as consequences, mitigating and aggravating responsibility and punishment. Upon imposition of conditional sentence a court shall establish probationary control at all of the imposed term of imprisonment, and to the minors for the term of six months to one year by rules of second part of Article 44 of this Code.

Application of conditional sentence by the minors is possible upon repeated commission of a crime of little and average gravity in the period of probationary control upon conditional sentence. Probation control shall not be established in case of conditional conviction of a foreigner or a stateless person to whom the court has imposed expulsion outside the Republic of Kazakhstan as an additional form of punishment.

Additional types of restrictions and punishments may be imposed in case of probation. Enforcement measures of educational impact may be imposed to the minors upon conditional sentence. Conditional conviction shall not be applied to the persons in case of recidivism of crimes, dangerous recidivism of crimes, in case of conviction of a person for an especially grave crime, corruption crime, terroristic crime, extremist crime, crime committed as part of a criminal group, crime against sexual immunity of minors.

If before the expiry of the term of probationary control the probationer is proved his her correction by his her behavior, a court on presentation of body, carrying out a probationary control may decree on cancellation of conditional sentence and on cancellation of conviction from convicted person. Upon that conditional sentence may be cancelled upon expiration of at least half of established period. A court on presentation of the body, carrying out probationary control may extend the term of probationary control, but not more than one year, in the cases, when probationer has committed:.

In the case of non-execution by probationer of obligations, assigned to him her by court or repeated commission by probationer of violations, specified in a second part of this Article, a court on presentation of body, specified in a first part of this Article shall regulate on cancellation of conditional sentence and execution of imposed punishment by court verdict, and in relation of convicted minor may repeatedly extend the term of probationary control, but not more than one year.

In the cases of commission by probationer of a crime by negligence during the term of probationary control or intentional crime of little gravity, and by the juvenile probationers — the crimes of little of average gravity, an issue on cancellation or on preservation of conditional sentence shall be decided by the court upon imposition of punishment for the new crime.

In the cases of commission by probationer of intentional crime of average gravity, grievous or especially grave crime during the term of probationary control, and by the minors - grievous or especially grave crime, a court may cancel a conditional sentence and impose him her a punishment by the rules of imposition of punishment on a set of sentences. The provisions of part one of this Article shall not be applied to the persons, who have committed a terroristic crime, an extremist crime, a crime committed as part of a criminal group, a crime against sexual immunity of minors, torture, a grave or especially grave crime against a person, except in cases specially provided by the relevant Articles of the Special part of this Code.

This restriction shall not be applied to the minors, who have committed a crime against the sexual immunity of a minor aged between fourteen and eighteen years. A person, used of excessive force in self-defense due to the fear, fright or confusion, caused by socially-dangerous infringement may be released from criminal responsibility in recognition of consequence of the case.

A person, who has fulfilled all conditions of the procedural agreement may be released from criminal responsibility. The provision of part one of this Article shall not be applied to the persons, who have committed crimes against sexual immunity of minors, except in cases of commission of such a crime by a minor in respect of a minor aged between fourteen and eighteen years. A person committed a criminal offence or a crime of little or average gravity, not related with cause death shall subject to release from criminal responsibility, if he she is reconciled with injured person, applicant, as well as according to the procedure of mediation, and expiated a caused harm.

The minors, pregnant women, women with young children, men alone raising young children, women aged fifty-eight years old and over, men aged sixty-three years old and over, first committed a grievous crime, not related with cause death or grievous harm to human health may be released from criminal responsibility, if they are reconciled with injured person, applicant, as well as according to the procedure of mediation, and expiated a caused harm. Enforcement measures of educational impact may be applied to the minor upon release from criminal responsibility.

In the cases when a harm is caused by criminal infraction to the interests of society and the state, protected by the Law, a person specified in a first or second part of this Article may be released from criminal responsibility, if he she sincerely repentance and expiated a harm, caused to the interests of society and the state, protected by the Law. The provisions of this Article shall not be applied to persons who committed:.

A person, who committed a criminal offence for the first time or a minor or medium-gravity crime without causing death or grievous bodily harm, for the commission of which a relevant article or part of an article of the Special Part of this Code provides for a fine among other types of basic punishments, may be released from punishment by court if secured by the surety. The surety securing means the posting of security equal to the maximum size of a fine prescribed for a criminal offence committed.

The security shall be returned to the surety upon the expiration of the security period if the person released from punishment did not commit a new criminal offence during it. In this case, the security becomes state property. Provision of this Article shall not be applied to the persons, committed a corruption crime, crime of terrorism, extremist crime, the crime committed in a composition of criminal group, crimes against sexual immunity of minors.

A person, committed a criminal infraction shall subject to release by court from criminal responsibility, if he she is recognized that during investigation of the case in a court due to change of conditions, an action, committed by him her ceased to be socially dangerous. A person first committed a criminal offence of little or average gravity shall subject to release by court from criminal responsibility, if it is established that by virtue of subsequent irreproachable conduct this person during investigation of the case in a court may not be considered as socially dangerous.

A person shall be released from criminal responsibility, if from the date of commission of criminal infraction the following terms have expired:. Period of limitations shall be calculated from the date of commission of criminal infraction and up to the moment of entry of sentence into legal force. Validity of period of limitations on criminal offences independent from commission of a new criminal infraction shall not be suspended and terminated.

Validity of period of limitations shall be suspended, if a person, committed a crime evades from investigation and court. In this case validity of period of limitations recommences from the date of detention of a person or acknowledgement of guilt.

Upon that a person may not be brought to the criminal responsibility, if from the date of commission of a crime validity was not revived and the following terms have expired:. Limitation period shall be interrupted if, before the expiry of the terms, specified in part one of this Article, a person who has committed a grave or especially grave crime, commits a new grave or especially grave crime.

In such cases, calculation of the limitation period begins anew from the date of commission of a new crime. In other cases, if the person commits the crime again before the expiration of the limitation period, the limitation period for each crime expires independently.

An issue on application of the period of limitations to the person, committed a crime, for which the death penalty or life imprisonment is imposed under this Code shall be solved by court. If a court deems it possible to release a person from a criminal responsibility in connection with expiration of the period of limitations, the death penalty is commuted by life imprisonment, and the life imprisonment is commuted by imprisonment for the term of twenty-five years.

Limitation periods shall not be applied to the persons who committed crimes against the peace and security of mankind, terroristic crimes, extremist crimes, torture, crimes against sexual immunity of minors, as well as especially grave crimes against the person, the foundations of constitutional system and security of the state, against public security and public order.

A person, serving restriction of liberty or imprisonment, after actual service of terms, specified in the third, fourth and fifth part of this Article may be released on probation — on parole by court, if it is recognized by court that he she does not need a full serving of sentence for his her correction. A person, serving restriction of liberty or imprisonment, after actual service of terms, specified in the third, fourth and fifth part of this Article shall subject to release on probation — on parole in the case of full compensation by them of damage, caused by crime and absence of gross violations of established procedure of service of sentence.

A person, serving of imprisonment, imposed for terroristic or extremist crime, but resulting loss of life and linked with commission of especially grave crime, after actual service of terms, specified in the third, fourth and fifth part of this Article may be released on probation — on parole by court, if he she actively assists in prevention, detection or investigation of terroristic or extremist crimes, exposure of participants of terroristic or extremist group.

Upon that a person may be completely or partially released from service of additional type of sentence. Probationary control shall be established in respect of person, released on probation — on parole by court from service of sentence in the form of imprisonment, during remaining unserved part of punishment, by the rules of second part of Article 44 of this Code. Obligations, provided by Penal Execution Code of the Republic of Kazakhstan shall be also entrusted to the person upon application of conditionally early release.

Probation control shall not be established in case of release on parole of a foreigner or a stateless person, to whom the court imposed the expulsion from the Republic of Kazakhstan as an additional form of punishment. Conditionally early release may be applied only after actual service by the convicted person:. Time limitations. When prosecution barred by former prosecution for the same offense.

When prosecution barred by former prosecution for different offense. When prosecution barred by former prosecution in another jurisdiction. Former prosecution before court lacking jurisdiction or when fraudulently procured by the defendant. Chapter 3. Requirement of voluntary act. General requirements of culpability. Causal relationship between conduct and result.

Ignorance or mistake. Limitations on scope of culpability requirements. Liability for conduct of another; complicity. Liability of organizations and certain related persons. Intoxication or drugged condition. Military orders. De minimis infractions. Guilty but mentally ill. Chapter 5. General Principles of Justification. Justification a defense. Justification generally.

Execution of public duty. Use of force in self-protection. Use of force for the protection of other persons. Use of force for the protection of property. Use of force in law enforcement. Use of force by persons with special responsibility for care, discipline or safety of others. Justification in property crimes. Chapter 7. Responsibility Reserved. Chapter 9. Inchoate Crimes. Criminal attempt. Criminal solicitation.

Criminal conspiracy. Incapacity, irresponsibility or immunity of party to solicitation or conspiracy. Grading of criminal attempt, solicitation and conspiracy. Multiple convictions of inchoate crimes barred. Possessing instruments of crime. Prohibited offensive weapons. Use or possession of electric or electronic incapacitation device. Manufacture, distribution or possession of master keys for motor vehicles.

Manufacture, distribution, use or possession of devices for theft of telecommunications services. Corrupt organizations. Possession of weapon on school property. Possession of firearm or other dangerous weapon in court facility. Chapter Authorized Disposition of Offenders. Sentence for murder, murder of unborn child and murder of law enforcement officer. Sentence of persons under the age of 18 for murder, murder of an unborn child and murder of a law enforcement officer.

Sentence of imprisonment for felony. Sentence of imprisonment for misdemeanors. Sentence of imprisonment for summary offenses. Restitution for injuries to person or property. Restitution for theft of timber. Restitution for identity theft. District attorneys' standing and interest in prisoner litigation.

Restitution for cleanup of clandestine laboratories. Accelerated Rehabilitative Disposition prohibited. Authority of Court in Sentencing Transferred. Subchapter A. General Provisions Transferred. Subchapter B. Sentencing Authority Transferred. Subchapter C. Sentencing Alternatives Transferred. Subchapter D. Informational Basis of Sentence Transferred. Subchapter E. Imposition of Sentence Transferred. Subchapter F. Further Judicial Action Transferred.

Subchapter G. Pennsylvania Commission on Sentencing Repealed or Transferred. Offenses Against the Flag. Display of flag at public meetings. Desecration of flag. Insults to national or Commonwealth flag. Criminal Homicide. Criminal homicide. Voluntary manslaughter. Involuntary manslaughter. Causing or aiding suicide. Drug delivery resulting in death. Criminal homicide of law enforcement officer. Crimes Against Unborn Child. Short title of chapter. Criminal homicide of unborn child.

Murder of unborn child. Voluntary manslaughter of unborn child. Aggravated assault of unborn child. Nonliability and defenses. Simple assault. Aggravated assault. Assault of law enforcement officer. Assault by prisoner. Aggravated harassment by prisoner. Assault by life prisoner. Recklessly endangering another person. Terroristic threats.

Propulsion of missiles into an occupied vehicle or onto a roadway. Discharge of a firearm into an occupied structure. Paintball guns and paintball markers. Use of tear or noxious gas in labor disputes. Ethnic intimidation. Probable cause arrests in domestic violence cases. Assault on sports official. Neglect of care-dependent person.

Abuse of care-dependent person. Unauthorized administration of intoxicant. Threat to use weapons of mass destruction. Weapons of mass destruction. Aggravated hazing. Organizational hazing. Institutional hazing. Defenses prohibited. Enforcement by institution and secondary school. Institutional reports.

Safe harbor. Civil remedies. Unlawful restraint. False imprisonment. Interference with custody of children. Interference with custody of committed persons. Criminal coercion. Disposition of ransom. Missing children. Concealment of whereabouts of a child. Luring a child into a motor vehicle or structure. Human Trafficking. Prosecution of Human Trafficking. Trafficking in individuals.

Involuntary servitude. Patronizing a victim of sexual servitude. Unlawful conduct regarding documents. Nonpayment of wages. Obstruction of justice. Violation by business entities. Evidence and defenses to human trafficking.

Victim protection during prosecution. Asset forfeiture. Professional licenses. Cumulative remedies. Data collection. Concurrent jurisdiction. Prevention of Human Trafficking. Protection of Victims of Human Trafficking. Civil causes of action. Protection of victims. Appropriate implementation for minor victims of human trafficking Repealed. Victims in shelters. Special relief to restore victim's dignity and autonomy.

Safe Harbor for Sexually Exploited Children. Statewide protocol. Specialized services for sexually exploited children. Law enforcement training. Safe harbor for sexually exploited children. Miscellaneous Provisions. Sexual Offenses. Mistake as to age. Spouse relationships Repealed. Evidence of victim's sexual conduct. Prompt complaint. Testimony of complainants. Resistance not required. Definition of Offenses. Statutory rape Repealed. Statutory sexual assault.

Involuntary deviate sexual intercourse. Voluntary deviate sexual intercourse Repealed. Sexual assault. Institutional sexual assault. Sexual assault by sports official, volunteer or employee of nonprofit association. Aggravated indecent assault. Indecent assault. Indecent exposure. Spousal sexual assault Repealed. Sexual intercourse with animal. Conduct relating to sex offenders. Unlawful dissemination of intimate image.

Female mutiliation. Sexual extortion. Loss of Property Rights. General rule. Process and seizure Repealed. Custody of property Repealed. Disposal of property Repealed. Legislative intent. Medical consultation and judgment. Informed consent. Parental consent. Abortion facilities. Printed information.

Commonwealth interference prohibited. Spousal notice. Determination of gestational age. Abortion on unborn child of 24 or more weeks gestational age. Prohibited acts. Publicly owned facilities; public officials and public funds. Fetal experimentation. Civil penalties. Criminal penalties. Arson and related offenses. Causing or risking catastrophe. Failure to prevent catastrophe. Criminal mischief. Injuring or tampering with fire apparatus, hydrants, etc. Unauthorized use or opening of fire hydrants.

Institutional vandalism. Additional fine for arson committed for profit. Agricultural vandalism. Agricultural crop destruction. Destruction of a survey monument. Illegal dumping of methamphetamine waste. Burglary and Other Criminal Intrusion. Criminal trespass. Railroad protection, railroad vandalism and interference with transportation facilities. Unlawful use of unmanned aircraft. Robbery of motor vehicle. Theft and Related Offenses. Consolidation of theft offenses. Grading of theft offenses.

Arrest without warrant. Theft by unlawful taking or disposition. Theft by deception. Theft by extortion. Theft of property lost, mislaid, or delivered by mistake. Receiving stolen property. Theft of services. Theft by failure to make required disposition of funds received. Unauthorized use of automobiles and other vehicles. Retail theft. Library theft. Unlawful possession of retail or library theft instruments. Organized retail theft.

Theft of trade secrets. Theft of unpublished dramas and musical compositions. Theft of leased property. Unlawful use of computer Repealed. Theft from a motor vehicle. Theft of secondary metal Unconstitutional. Theft of secondary metal. Forgery and Fraudulent Practices. Simulating objects of antiquity, rarity, etc. Fraudulent destruction, removal or concealment of recordable instruments.

Tampering with records or identification. Bad checks. Access device fraud. Unlawful device-making equipment. Deceptive or fraudulent business practices. Deception relating to kosher food products. Deception relating to certification of minority business enterprise or women's business enterprise. Commercial bribery and breach of duty to act disinterestedly. Rigging publicly exhibited contest. Defrauding secured creditors.

Fraud in insolvency. Receiving deposits in a failing financial institution. Misapplication of entrusted property and property of government or financial institutions. Securing execution of documents by deception. Falsely impersonating persons privately employed. Copying; recording devices. Unlawful operation of recording device in motion picture theater. Insurance fraud. Washing vehicle titles. Trademark counterfeiting. Identity theft. Possession and use of unlawful devices. Offenses Against the Family.

Definition of Offenses Generally. Concealing death of child. Endangering welfare of children. Dealing in infant children. Newborn protection. Nonsupport Repealed. Bribery and Corrupt Influence. Bribery in official and political matters. Threats and other improper influence in official and political matters.

Retaliation for past official action. Falsification and Intimidation. Perjury and Falsification in Official Matters. False swearing. Unsworn falsification to authorities. False alarms to agencies of public safety. False reports to law enforcement authorities.

False reports of child abuse. Tampering with witnesses and informants Repealed. Retaliation against witness or informant Repealed. Witness or informant taking bribe. Tampering with or fabricating physical evidence. Tampering with public records or information. Impersonating a public servant. Impersonating a notary public or a holder of a professional or occupational license. False identification to law enforcement authorities. Failure to comply with registration of sexual offenders requirements Expired.

Failure to comply with registration requirements. Failure to comply with 42 Pa. I registration requirements. Victim and Witness Intimidation. Intimidation of witnesses or victims. Retaliation against witness, victim or party. Retaliation against prosecutor or judicial official.

Protective orders. Notice on protective order. Violation of orders. Pretrial release. Protection of employment of crime victims, family members of victims and witnesses. Intimidation, retaliation or obstruction in child abuse cases. Obstructing Governmental Operations. Obstructing administration of law or other governmental function. Obstructing or impeding the administration of justice by picketing, etc.

Unlawfully listening into deliberations of jury. Unlawful use of an audio or video device in court. Resisting arrest or other law enforcement. Disarming law enforcement officer. Hindering apprehension or prosecution. Failure to report injuries by firearm or criminal act. Aiding consummation of crime. Contempt of General Assembly. Dealing in proceeds of unlawful activities.

Obstructing emergency services. Weapons or implements for escape. Default in required appearance. Absconding witness. Flight to avoid apprehension, trial or punishment. Criminal Gangs. Recruiting criminal gang members. Abuse of Office. Official oppression. Speculating or wagering on official action or information. Liability for reimbursement of costs for outside counsel. Riot, Disorderly Conduct and Related Offenses. Failure of disorderly persons to disperse upon official order. Disorderly conduct.

Harassment and stalking by communication or address Repealed. Public drunkenness and similar misconduct. Loitering and prowling at night time. Obstructing highways and other public passages. Disrupting meetings and processions.

Desecration, theft or sale of venerated objects. Abuse of corpse. Cruelty to animals Repealed. Live animals as prizes prohibited Repealed. Police animals Repealed. Application for an order for use of certain devices. Issuance of an order for use of certain devices.

Assistance in installation and use of certain devices. Reports concerning certain devices. Expiration of chapter. Public Indecency. Open lewdness. Prostitution and related offenses. Obscene and other sexual materials and performances. Public exhibition of insane or deformed person. Firearms and Other Dangerous Articles. Uniform Firearms Act.

Short title of subchapter. Crimes committed with firearms. Evidence of intent. Persons not to possess, use, manufacture, control, sell or transfer firearms. Restoration of firearm rights for offenses under prior laws of this Commonwealth. Relinquishment of firearms and firearm licenses by convicted persons.

Firearms not to be carried without a license. Carrying loaded weapons other than firearms. Prohibited conduct during emergency. Carrying firearms on public streets or public property in Philadelphia. Persons to whom delivery shall not be made Repealed. Possession of firearm by minor. Possession of firearm with altered manufacturer's number.

Sale or transfer of firearms. Pennsylvania State Police. Firearm sales surcharge. Firearm Records Check Fund. Registration of firearms. Rules and regulations. Retail dealer required to be licensed. Licensing of dealers. Judicial review. Loans on, or lending or giving firearms prohibited. False evidence of identity. Altering or obliterating marks of identification. Antique firearms. Violation penalty. Limitation on the regulation of firearms and ammunition. Certain bullets prohibited.

Proof of license and exception. Waiver of disability or pardons. Administrative regulations. Distribution of uniform firearm laws and firearm safety brochures. Firearm tracing. Abandonment of firearms, weapons or ammunition. Firearms Generally. Purchase of firearms in contiguous states Repealed. Purchase of rifles and shotguns outside this Commonwealth. Locking device for firearms. Other Dangerous Articles. Carrying explosives on conveyances. Shipping explosives.

Straw Purchase Prevention Education Program. Scope of subchapter. Legislative findings and declarations. Powers and duties of Attorney General. Straw Purchase Prevention Education Fund. Transfer for initial funding. Corruption of minors. Sale or lease of weapons and explosives. Sale of starter pistols.

Sale and use of air rifles. Sale of tobacco products. Furnishing cigarettes or cigarette papers Repealed. Use of tobacco products in schools prohibited. Misrepresentation of age to secure liquor or malt or brewed beverages. Purchase, consumption, possession or transportation of liquor or malt or brewed beverages. Safe harbor for violation of section a. Representing that minor is of age.

Inducement of minors to buy liquor or malt or brewed beverages. Selling or furnishing liquor or malt or brewed beverages to minors. Manufacture or sale of false identification card. Carrying a false identification card. Restriction of operating privileges Repealed. Predisposition evaluation. Selling or furnishing nonalcoholic beverages to persons under 21 years of age.

Tattooing and body piercing. Sexual abuse of children. Special information. Sentencing and penalties for trafficking drugs to minors. Selling or furnishing butane to minors. Selling or furnishing certain stimulants to minors. Drug-free school zones.

Unlawful contact with minor. Solicitation of minors to traffic drugs. Sexual exploitation of children. Transmission of sexually explicit images by minor. Access of minors to dextromethorphan. Scattering rubbish. Refrigerators and iceboxes. Posting advertisements on property of another. Public nuisances. Discarding television sets and tubes. Proprietary and Official Rights. Wearing of uniforms and insignia and misrepresentation of military service or honors.

Sale of veterans' flowers. Dealing in military decorations. Fraud on association having grand lodge. Use of containers bearing owner's name Repealed. Use or possession of stamped containers Repealed. False registration of domestic animals. Retention of library property after notice to return.

Use of union labels. Unauthorized use of registered insignia. Retention of military property after notice to return. Use of carts, cases, trays, baskets, boxes and other containers. Public Utilities. Extension of water line. Willful obstruction of emergency telephone calls. Railroad employee abandoning train. Interfering with railroad employee.

Nails and other hard substances attached to utility poles. Erection of crossing signboards. Obstructing public crossings. Obstructing private crossings. Lights obstructing view of signals. Unauthorized sale or transfer of tickets. Sports and Amusements. Fraudulent entry of horses in race. Administering drugs to race horses. Horse racing. Fortune telling. Pool and billiard rooms. Theater operators to require proof of age.

Unlawful actions by athlete agents. Trade and Commerce. Distribution of samples of medicine, dyes, etc. Sale and labeling of solidified alcohol. Sale or illegal use of certain solvents and noxious substances. Illegal sale or use of certain fire extinguishers.

Sale of gasoline in glass container. Incendiary devices. Out-of-state convict made goods. Unlawful advertising of insurance business. Unlawful coercion in contracting insurance. Furnishing free insurance as inducement for purchases.

Unlawful collection agency practices. Debt pooling. Unauthorized disposition of donated food commodities. Keeping bucket-shop. Accessories in conduct of bucket-shop. Maintaining of premises in which bucket-shop operated.

Bucket-shop contracts. Attaching advertisement without consent of publisher. Lie detector tests. Demanding property to secure employment. Discrimination on account of uniform. Unlawful sale of dissertations, theses and term papers. Discrimination on account of service, guide or support dog or other aid animal.

Disclosure of confidential tax information. Storage, consumption and sale of alcoholic beverages on unlicensed business premises. Operation of certain establishments prohibited without local option. Prohibition of certain types of entertainment on bottle club premises.

Selling or otherwise dealing in fresh meats, produce and groceries. Trading in motor vehicles and trailers. Other Offenses. Removal of mobile home to evade tax. Failure of mobile home court operator to make reports. Interest of certain architects and engineers in public work contracts. Appointment of special policemen. Violation of governmental rules regarding traffic.

Violation of rules regarding conduct on Commonwealth property. Breach of privacy by using a psychological-stress evaluator, an audio-stress monitor or a similar device without consent. Invasion of privacy. Drug trafficking sentencing and penalties. Operation of methamphetamine laboratory. Furnishing drug-free urine. Municipal housing code avoidance Repealed. Control of alarm devices and automatic dialing devices.

Criminal use of communication facility. Restriction on alcoholic beverages Repealed. Operating a motor vehicle not equipped with ignition interlock Repealed. Contingent compensation. Greyhound racing and simulcasting. Commemorative service demonstration activities. Computer Offenses. Hacking and Similar Offenses. Unlawful use of computer and other computer crimes. Disruption of service. Computer theft. Unlawful duplication. Computer trespass. Distribution of computer virus.

Internet Child Pornography. Duty of Internet service provider. Protection of privacy. Jurisdiction for prosecution. Application for order to remove or disable items. Order to remove or disable certain items from Internet service provider's service. Notification procedure.

Designated agent. Report to General Assembly. Unlawful Use of Computers. Computer-assisted remote harvesting of animals. Electronic Mail. Unlawful transmission of electronic mail. Owning, operating or conducting a chop shop. Alteration or destruction of vehicle identification number. Disposition of vehicle or vehicle part with altered vehicle identification number. Loss of property rights to Commonwealth. Procedure with respect to seized property subject to liens and rights of lienholders Repealed.

Criminal History Record Information. Other criminal justice information. Information in central repository or automated systems. Completeness and Accuracy. Duties of criminal justice agencies. Mandatory fingerprinting. Disposition reporting by criminal justice agencies. Correction of inaccurate information. Dissemination of Criminal History Record Information.

General regulations. Petition for limited access. Clean slate limited access. Order to vacate order for limited access. Effects of expunged records and records subject to limited access. Employer immunity from liability. Juvenile records. Use of records by licensing agencies. Use of records for employment. Security requirements for repositories. Quality control.

Individual Right of Access and Review. Right to access and review. Individual rights on access and review. Responsibility of Attorney General. Duties of the Attorney General. Subchapter H. Public Notice. Requirements of repositories relating to public notice. Subchapter I. General administrative sanctions. Criminal penalties Deleted by amendment.

Civil actions. Conflicts of Interest. Independent Counsel Repealed. Preliminary Provisions Repealed. General Provisions Repealed. Authority and Duties of Independent Counsel Repealed. Miscellaneous Provisions Repealed. Crime Victims. Office of Victim Advocate. Independent Counsel. Preliminary Provisions. Scope of chapter. Administrative expenses. Organization of panel. Preliminary investigation. Conduct of preliminary investigation. Determination that further investigation not warranted.

Determination that further investigation is warranted. Contents of application. Duties of panel. Disclosure of information. Authority and Duties of Independent Counsel. Compensation and travel expenses.

Additional personnel. Assistance of Pennsylvania State Police. Referral of other matters to independent counsel. Dismissal of matters. Reports by independent counsel. Independence from office of Attorney General. Standards of conduct. Custody of records of independent counsel.

Cost controls and administrative support. Legislative oversight. Removal of independent counsel and termination of office. Relationship with office of Attorney General. Definition of Specific Offenses. Unless otherwise noted, the provisions of Title 18 were added December 6, , P. Special Provisions in Appendix.

See sections 2, 3 and 4 of Act of in the appendix to this title for special provisions relating to offenses committed prior to the effective date of this title, severability and applicability of Statutory Construction Act. Part I was added December 6, , P. Chapter 1 was added December 6, , P. This title shall be known and may be cited as the "Crimes Code.

Act 44 amended subsec. Cross References. Section is referred to in sections , of this title. Subject to additional definitions contained in subsequent provisions of this title which are applicable to specific provisions of this part, the following words and phrases when used in this title shall have, unless the context clearly indicates otherwise, the meanings given to them in this section:.

Act amended the defs. Act 66 added the def. Act 53 amended the intro. References in Text. The act of June 18, P. The general purposes of this title are:. The provisions of this title shall be construed according to the fair import of their terms but when the language is susceptible of differing constructions it shall be interpreted to further the general purposes stated in this title and the special purposes of the particular provision involved.

The discretionary powers conferred by this title shall be exercised in accordance with the criteria stated in this title and, in so far as such criteria are not decisive, to further the general purposes stated in this title. The classes of crime are:.

A crime is first degree murder of an unborn child, second degree murder of an unborn child or third degree murder of an unborn child if it is so designated in this title or if a person convicted of criminal homicide of an unborn child may be sentenced in accordance with the provisions of section Act 44 amended subsecs. Section is referred to in sections , , , of this title; sections Act repealed Act 38 of , which amended subsec.

Act added present section and repealed former section , which related to the same subject matter, effective 60 days from the date of final enactment of the act of April 28, P. When a prosecution is for a violation of the same provision of the statutes and is based upon the same facts as a former prosecution, it is barred by such former prosecution under the following circumstances:.

There is an acquittal if the prosecution resulted in a finding of not guilty by the trier of fact or in a determination that there was insufficient evidence to warrant a conviction. A finding of guilty of a lesser included offense is an acquittal of the greater inclusive offense, although the conviction is subsequently set aside. There is a conviction if the prosecution resulted in a judgment of conviction which has not been reversed or vacated, a verdict of guilty which has not been set aside and which is capable of supporting a judgment, or a plea of guilty accepted by the court.

In the latter two cases failure to enter judgment must be for a reason other than a motion of the defendant. Section is referred to in sections , , of this title. Although a prosecution is for a violation of a different provision of the statutes than a former prosecution or is based on different facts, it is barred by such former prosecution under the following circumstances:. June 28, , P. Act 82 amended par. Section is referred to in section of this title.

When conduct constitutes an offense within the concurrent jurisdiction of this Commonwealth and of the United States or another state, a prosecution in any such other jurisdiction is a bar to a subsequent prosecution in this Commonwealth under the following circumstances:.

A prosecution is not a bar within the meaning of section of this title relating to when prosecution barred by former prosecution for the same offense through section of this title relating to when prosecution barred by former prosecution in another jurisdiction under any of the following circumstances:.

Chapter 3 was added December 6, , P. Chapter 3 is referred to in section of this title. The risk must be of such a nature and degree that, considering the nature and intent of the actor's conduct and the circumstances known to him, its disregard involves a gross deviation from the standard of conduct that a reasonable person would observe in the actor's situation.

The risk must be of such a nature and degree that the actor's failure to perceive it, considering the nature and intent of his conduct and the circumstances known to him, involves a gross deviation from the standard of care that a reasonable person would observe in the actor's situation. When acting knowingly suffices to establish an element, such element also is established if a person acts intentionally.

Section is referred to in sections , of this title; section of Title 23 Domestic Relations. Ignorance or mistake as to a matter of fact, for which there is reasonable explanation or excuse, is a defense if:. Section is referred to in sections , , of this title; section of Title 42 Judiciary and Judicial Procedure. This subsection shall not apply if it is plainly inconsistent with the legislative purpose in defining the particular offense.

Neither voluntary intoxication nor voluntary drugged condition is a defense to a criminal charge, nor may evidence of such conditions be introduced to negative the element of intent of the offense, except that evidence of such intoxication or drugged condition of the defendant may be offered by the defendant whenever it is relevant to reduce murder from a higher degree to a lower degree of murder.

The defense is also unavailable if he was negligent in placing himself in such a situation, whenever negligence suffices to establish culpability for the offense charged. Section is referred to in section of Title 42 Judiciary and Judicial Procedure. It is a defense that the actor, in engaging in the conduct charged to constitute an offense, does no more than execute an order of his superior in the armed services which he does not know and cannot reasonably be expected to know to be unlawful.

Act 24 amended subsec. June 22, , P. Act 73 amended subsec. No plea of guilty but mentally ill may be accepted by the trial judge until he has examined all reports prepared pursuant to the Rules of Criminal Procedure, has held a hearing on the sole issue of the defendant's mental illness at which either party may present evidence and is satisfied that the defendant was mentally ill at the time of the offense to which the plea is entered.

If the trial judge refuses to accept a plea of guilty but mentally ill, the defendant shall be permitted to withdraw his plea. A defendant whose plea is not accepted by the court shall be entitled to a jury trial, except that if a defendant subsequently waives his right to a jury trial, the judge who presided at the hearing on mental illness shall not preside at the trial. Act added section Section 4 of Act provided that Act shall apply to all indictments or informations filed on or after the effective date of Act Chapter 5 was added December 6, , P.

Chapter 5 is referred to in sections , Subject to additional definitions contained in subsequent provisions of this chapter which are applicable to specific provisions of this chapter, the following words and phrases, when used in this chapter shall have, unless the context clearly indicates otherwise, the meanings given to them in this section:. The term "peace officer" shall also include any member of any park police department of any county of the third class. Assent constitutes consent, within the meaning of this section, whether or not it otherwise is legally effective, except assent to the infliction of death or serious bodily injury.

July 6, , P. See the preamble to Act 10 in the appendix to this title for special provisions relating to legislative findings. Section is referred to in sections , In any prosecution based on conduct which is justifiable under this chapter, justification is a defense.

Act 10 amended subsec. Section is referred to in section of this title; section of Title 23 Domestic Relations ; section Section is referred to in section of Title 23 Domestic Relations ; section Act amended subsec. Section is referred to in section of this title; section He is justified in the use of any force which he believes to be necessary to effect the arrest and of any force which he believes to be necessary to defend himself or another from bodily harm while making the arrest.

However, he is justified in using deadly force only when he believes that such force is necessary to prevent death or serious bodily injury to himself or such other person, or when he believes both that:. However, the officer is justified in using deadly force only when the officer believes that such force is necessary to prevent death or serious bodily injury to himself or another or when the officer believes that:.

July 17, , P. Act 41 amended subsec. Section is referred to in section The use of force upon or toward the person of another is justifiable if:. Conduct involving the appropriation, seizure or destruction of, damage to, intrusion on or interference with property is justifiable under circumstances which would establish a defense of privilege in a civil action based thereon, unless:. Chapter 7 Reserved was added December 6, , P. Chapter 9 was added December 6, , P. Chapter 9 is referred to in section of this title.

Section is referred to in section of this title; sections , of Title 42 Judiciary and Judicial Procedure. Section is referred to in section of this title; section of Title 5 Athletics and Sports ; sections , of Title 42 Judiciary and Judicial Procedure. Act 53 amended subsec. Section is referred to in sections , of this title; sections , of Title 42 Judiciary and Judicial Procedure.

A person may not be convicted of more than one of the inchoate crimes of criminal attempt, criminal solicitation or criminal conspiracy for conduct designed to commit or to culminate in the commission of the same crime. The term includes a firearm which is not loaded or lacks a clip or other component to render it immediately operable, and components which can readily be assembled into a weapon.

Act 98 overlooked the amendment by Act 27 of , but the amendments do not conflict in substance and have both been given effect in setting forth the text of section Also exempt from this section are forensic firearms experts or forensic firearms laboratories operating in the ordinary course of business and engaged in lawful operation who notify in writing, on an annual basis, the chief or head of any police force or police department of a city, and, elsewhere, the sheriff of a county in which they are located, of the possession, type and use of offensive weapons.

Section is referred to in section of this title; section of Title 5 Athletics and Sports. Otherwise any offense under this section is graded as a misdemeanor of the first degree. The term does not include cattle prods, electric fences or other electric devices when used in agricultural, animal husbandry or food production activities.

The forfeiture shall be conducted in accordance with 42 Pa. It shall be no defense to a violation of subsection a that some of the acts constituting the offense occurred outside of this Commonwealth. In determining the violator's profits, the complaining party shall be required to prove only the violator's gross revenue, and the violator shall be required to prove his deductible expenses and the elements of profit attributable to factors other than the violation.

In addition to the examples listed in section , the term includes, but is not limited to, any device, technology, product, service, equipment, computer software or component or part thereof, primarily distributed, sold, designed, assembled, manufactured, modified, programmed, reprogrammed or used for the purpose of providing unauthorized disruption of, decryption of, access to or acquisition of any telecommunication service provided by any cable television, satellite, telephone, wireless, microwave or radio distribution system or facility.

July 20, , P. July 1, Act 13 amended subsec. Act reenacted section Section is referred to in section of this title; section of Title 42 Judiciary and Judicial Procedure. A violation of this subsection shall be deemed to continue so long as the person who committed the violation continues to receive any benefit from the violation.

Pending final determination, the court may enter preliminary or special injunctions, or take such other actions, including the acceptance of satisfactory performance bonds, as it may deem proper. In the case of service by registered or certified mail, such return shall be accompanied by the return post office receipt of delivery of such demand. Such party may upon agreement of the investigator substitute copies of all or any part of such material for the originals thereof.

The investigator may cause the preparation of such copies of such documentary material as may be required for official use. While in the possession of the investigator, no material so produced shall be available for examination, without the consent of the party who produced such material, by any individual other than the Attorney General or any racketeering investigator. Under such reasonable terms and conditions as the Attorney General shall prescribe, documentary material while in the possession of the investigator shall be available for examination by the party who produced such material or any duly authorized representatives of such party.

The time allowed for compliance with the demand in whole or in part as deemed proper and ordered by the court shall not run during the pendency of such petition in the court. Such petition shall specify each ground upon which the petitioner relies in seeking such relief, and may be based upon any failure of such demand to comply with the provisions of this subsection or upon any constitutional or other legal right or privilege of such party.

Chapter 25 relating to criminal homicide. Section relating to terroristic threats. Chapter 29 relating to kidnapping. Chapter 30 relating to human trafficking. Chapter 33 relating to arson, criminal mischief and other property destruction. Chapter 37 relating to robbery. Chapter 39 relating to theft and related offenses. Section relating to commercial bribery and breach of duty to act disinterestedly. Section relating to rigging publicly exhibited contest. Section relating to insurance fraud.

Chapter 47 relating to bribery and corrupt influence. Chapter 49 relating to falsification and intimidation. Section relating to dealing in proceeds of unlawful activities. Section relating to lotteries, etc. Section relating to gambling devices, gambling, etc. Section relating to pool selling and bookmaking. Chapter 59 relating to public indecency.

II relating to gaming. An act which otherwise would be considered racketeering activity by reason of the application of this paragraph, shall not be excluded from its application solely because the operative acts took place outside the jurisdiction of this Commonwealth, if such acts would have been in violation of the law of the jurisdiction in which they occurred. Act 55 amended subsec. Act 6 amended subsec. Section is referred to in sections , of this title; section of Title 42 Judiciary and Judicial Procedure.

Any individual checking a firearm, dangerous weapon or an item deemed to be a dangerous weapon at a court facility must be issued a receipt. Notice of the location of the facility shall be posted as required under subsection d.

The term does not include any device designed or used exclusively for the firing of stud cartridges, explosive rivets or similar industrial ammunition. June 13, , 1st Sp. Act 16 amended subsec. See section 29 of Act in the appendix to this title for special provisions relating to construction of law. Act 59 amended subsec. Act 17, 1st Sp. See the preamble to Act 17, 1st Sp.

Section is referred to in section of Title 61 Prisons and Parole. Chapter 11 was added December 6, , P. Chapter 11 is referred to in section of this title. A person who has been convicted of an offense may be sentenced to pay a fine not exceeding:.

Act 5, 1st Sp. Section is referred to in sections , , of this title; section of Title 75 Vehicles. This paragraph shall not affect the determination of an aggravating circumstance under 42 Pa. Where serious bodily injury does not result, the person may be sentenced to a term of imprisonment which shall be fixed by the court at not more than 20 years.

Act amended subsecs. Act amended the section heading and subsecs. A victim impact statement may include comment on the sentence of the defendant. Sentencing guidelines promulgated by the Pennsylvania Commission on Sentencing may not supersede the mandatory minimum sentences provided under this section. The appellate court shall vacate the sentence and remand the case to the sentencing court for imposition of a sentence in accordance with this section if it finds that the sentence was imposed in violation of this section.

Section Except as provided in 42 Pa. A person who has been convicted of a misdemeanor may be sentenced to imprisonment for a definite term which shall be fixed by the court and shall be not more than:. Section is referred to in section of Title 75 Vehicles. A person who has been convicted of a summary offense may be sentenced to imprisonment for a term which shall be fixed by the court at not more than 90 days.

The court shall not reduce a restitution award by any amount that the victim has received from the Crime Victim's Compensation Board or other government agency but shall order the defendant to pay any restitution ordered for loss previously compensated by the board to the Crime Victim's Compensation Fund or other designated account when the claim involves a government agency in addition to or in place of the board.

The court shall not reduce a restitution award by any amount that the victim has received from an insurance company but shall order the defendant to pay any restitution ordered for loss previously compensated by an insurance company to the insurance company. However, when establishing priorities, the court shall order payment in the following order:. In determining the amount and method of restitution, the court:. This recommendation shall be based upon information solicited by the district attorney and received from the victim.

The probation section or other agent designated by the county commissioners of the county with the approval of the president judge to collect restitution and the magisterial district judge shall maintain records of the restitution order and its satisfaction and shall forward to the victim the property or payments made pursuant to the restitution order.

Whenever the offender shall fail to make restitution within 20 days to a magisterial district judge, as ordered, the magisterial district judge shall declare the offender in contempt and forward the case to the court of common pleas. Upon such notice of failure to make restitution, or upon receipt of the contempt decision from a magisterial district judge, the court shall order a hearing to determine if the offender is in contempt of court or has violated his probation or parole.

The term includes an affected government agency, the Crime Victim's Compensation Fund, if compensation has been paid by the Crime Victim's Compensation Fund to the victim, any insurance company that has compensated the victim for loss under an insurance contract and any business entity. June 18, , P.

See sections 28 and 29 of Act in the appendix to this title for special provisions relating to applicability and construction of law. Act 12, 1st Sp. Act 53 amended subsecs. Act 86 added section Any person convicted for the theft of standing timber under section relating to theft by unlawful taking or disposition shall, in addition to any other sentence imposed, be sentenced to pay the owner of the timber restitution in an amount twice the value of the timber taken.

Act 42 added section The district attorney shall receive written notice of, and shall have automatic standing and a legal interest in, any proceeding which may involve the release or nonadmission of county prisoners, delinquents or detainees due to the fact, duration or other conditions of custody. In addition to the district attorney's rights in such a proceeding, the district attorney may seek any equitable relief necessary to protect the district attorney's interest in the continued institutional custody and admission of county prisoners, delinquents or detainees.

Act 31 added section In addition to any other sentence imposed, the court may order an offender to pay the cost of any reward paid for the apprehension and conviction of the offender. Act 20, 1st Sp. Section 4 of Act 20 provided that section shall apply to sentences imposed on or after the effective date of Act The attorney for the Commonwealth may not recommend and the court may not authorize placement on Accelerated Rehabilitative Disposition for a violation of any offense set forth in any of the following if the victim was, at the time of the commission of the offense, under 18 years of age:.

Act 50 added section Pennsylvania Commission on Sentencing Repealed or. Transfer Note. Prior Provisions. The number and heading of Chapter 13 were added December 6, , P. Unless otherwise noted, the remaining provisions of Chapter 13 were added December 30, , P. Repealed or Transferred. Repeal and Transfer Note. The subject matter of former sections through is now contained in Subchapter F of Chapter 21 of Title Subchapter G was added November 26, , P. Former Subchapter G, which related to sentencing council, was added December 30, , P.

Offenses Against Existence or Stability of Government. Offenses Involving Danger to the Person. Offenses Against Property. Offenses Against Public Administration. Offenses Against Public Order and Decency. Miscellaneous Offenses. Part II was added December 6, , P. Chapter 21 was added December 6, , P. A person is guilty of a misdemeanor of the second degree if he maliciously takes down, defiles, injures, removes or in any manner damages, insults, or destroys any American flag or the flag of the Commonwealth which is displayed anywhere.

Chapter 23 was added December 6, , P. Subject to additional definitions contained in subsequent provisions of this article which are applicable to specific chapters or other provisions of this article, the following words and phrases, when used in this article shall have, unless the context clearly indicates otherwise, the meanings given to them in this section:.

Section is referred to in sections , , , , of this title; section Chapter 25 was added December 6, , P. Chapter 25 is referred to in sections , , of this title; section of Title 20 Decedents, Estates and Fiduciaries ; sections , , , of Title 23 Domestic Relations ; sections , Murder of the third degree is a felony of the first degree. Section is referred to in sections , , , , , of this title; section of Title 5 Athletics and Sports ; section of Title 23 Domestic Relations ; sections , , Act 36, 1st Sp.

Section is referred to in sections , , of this title; sections , , of Title 42 Judiciary and Judicial Procedure ; sections , , , of Title 61 Prisons and Parole. Where the victim is under 12 years of age and is in the care, custody or control of the person who caused the death, involuntary manslaughter is a felony of the second degree. Section is referred to in sections , of this title; section of Title 75 Vehicles. Nothing in this section shall prevent a fine from being imposed on assets which have been subject to an unsuccessful forfeiture petition.

Act 56 amended subsec. Section is referred to in sections , of this title; section of Title 42 Judiciary and Judicial Procedure ; section of Title 61 Prisons and Parole. Chapter 26 was added October 2, , P. The following words and phrases when used in this chapter shall have the meanings given to them in this section unless the context clearly indicates otherwise:. In any criminal prosecution pursuant to this chapter, the provisions of Chapter 3 relating to culpability shall apply, except that:.

The provisions of this chapter shall not be construed to prohibit the prosecution of an offender under any other provision of law. Chapter 27 was added December 6, , P. Chapter 27 is referred to in sections , of this title; section of Title 23 Domestic Relations ; sections , Section is referred to in sections

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Retrieved 24 November September 21, Retrieved 8 December The Japan Times. Fox News. December 11, Retrieved December 11, Retrieved January 13, Accessed December 25, Hollingsworth sentenced Allums to nine years in state prison for robbing eight Domino's Pizza deliverymen. He faces two additional years in prison if he is convicted of possession of cocaine when he returns to court for a separate trial June Retrieved March 16, The Philippine Star.

Archived from the original on January 31, Retrieved October 27th, Retrieved September 9, Chicago Sun-Times. November 3, Retrieved November 8, Retrieved December 17, CBC Sports. In this FLEX exclusive, he gives his version of what happened on that fateful day in ". Archived from the original on July 14, Las Vegas Review-Journal. Boxing Scene. France 24 in French.

Retrieved 17 August Daily Record. Archived from the original on March 24, Retrieved April 16, CBC News. AFP and CricInfo. Retrieved 12 May Australian Dictionary of Biography. November 9, ESPN Cricinfo. March 18, Archived from the original on January 11, May 20, Retrieved 1 November Retrieved 2 November Retrieved 3 November The Register-Guard. Kitsap Sun. February 24, The Oregonian.

The Courier-Mail. South China Morning Post. London: Observer. Federal Bureau of Prisons". Retrieved July 12, The Age. The Sydney Morning Herald. Orange County DA. Time Magazine. Archived from the original on December 3, Found Dead In Dutch Prison". Retrieved 31 January The Independent. Retrieved 24 March The New Zealand Herald. Retrieved 6 June Parole denied for local skateboarding legend , viewed BBC News Online.

Retrieved 1 June Japan Times. Archived from the original on 26 April Retrieved 23 April Posted by FOX Sports on , retrieved Retrieved May 25, Match-fixing scandals. List of match-fixing incidents. Match fixing in association football. List of sporting scandals. Categories : Sports controversies Sportspeople convicted of crimes Lists of sportspeople Lists of people by legal status Crime-related lists.

Views Read Edit View history. Help Learn to edit Community portal Recent changes Upload file. Download as PDF Printable version. Add links. Kevin Allen. Wire fraud and money laundering. Richard Alston. Michael Bennett. Conviction was a plea bargain for an incident in which Burress accidentally shot himself in a nightclub. Had been elected to the College Football Hall of Fame before his conviction in , but the Hall rescinded the honor before his scheduled induction.

The Hall elected him a second time in and he was inducted at that time. Released on October 22, , having served 19 years. Cecil Collins. Released after serving 13 years [14]. Armed robbery, possession of a concealed weapon without a permit, failure to maintain current lane.

Clarett was released to a halfway house after less than four years. Conspiracy to commit securities fraud , mail fraud and money laundering, then wire fraud and money laundering. Criminally negligent homicide. Hit and run accident. Released after serving approximately eight years. Thomas "Hollywood" Henderson. Released after serving 28 months [22]. Drug trafficking , attempted conspiracy to commit murder.

Expected release date: March 28, [24]. Life without parole [25]. Served 2 years and 5 months [27]. Jimmy Hitchcock. Given an additional 2 years in prison for jumping bail to see his son Mark Ingram Jr. Served 60 days [32]. Drug possession, evidence tampering, violating probation [33]. Served 6 months [34]. On April 29, , Lewis reached an out-of-court settlement with four-year-old India Lollar, born months after the death of her father Richard, pre-empting a scheduled civil proceeding.

Lewis also reached an undisclosed settlement with Baker's family. Involuntary manslaughter. Loville was charged for his role in a drug trafficking ring, but pleaded guilty only to racketeering. Mack was charged with cocaine trafficking, using a motor vehicle for drug abuse and possessing criminal tools but pleaded guilty to a lesser charge. Washington Redskins. Drug possession, evidence tampering.

Served over three years [44]. Previously convicted of misdemeanor sexual battery [45]. Released after serving two and a half years [46]. Served 3 years. Released early after a plea agreement in which he pleaded no contest to felony drug trafficking charges.

Life in prison without the possibility of parole [48]. Pitts was released after six years and played minor league baseball after his release. Food stamp fraud, immigration fraud. Rasheed falsely claimed a woman as his wife on immigration forms and collected food stamps despite being ineligible. Rasheed was charged with two counts of School Employee Engaging in a Sex Act and two counts of School Employee Engaging in a Deviate Sex Act stemming from consensual sex acts with of-age girls while he was a schoolteacher.

He pleaded guilty to the two lesser charges. Convicted of four murders, served 10 years and placed in witness protection after testifying against Yahweh Ben Yahweh , later sentenced to 25 to life on check kiting charge under three strikes rule [59]. Also sentenced in United States Federal Court to 18 years, running concurrently with the year sentence imposed by California, as well as sentences in Arizona, Nevada and Louisiana.

While the Federal conviction is shorter, it does not allow for the possibility of parole , giving it a later date of possible release. Released after serving nine years. Simpson robbery case. Anthony Smith. Three life sentences without parole [68].

Interference with a flight crew, simple assault [69]. DUI manslaughter Driving under the influence of alcohol. Conspiracy, related to dog fighting [73]. See also Bad Newz Kennels dog fighting investigation. Stanley Wilson Sr. Sentence was under a third strike provision [76]. Keith Wright. Conspiracy to defraud. See British betting scandal. Peter Swan. Sheffield Wednesday F. Assault , affray. Drink driving , assaulting police, failing to answer bail. Released after serving 14 days.

Scott Brown. Brooker, Brown, Orr and Partridge were convicted for the same incident where they were involved in an assault on a doorman. Released after one month [86] [87]. Affray and possession of a Class A drug. Manchester United F. Released after 24 hours. Later overturned in favour of hours community service after appeal. Drink driving. Illegally removed electronic tag to go on holiday, therefore breaching court conditions [79] [90].

Assault occasioning actual bodily harm. Driving while disqualified, perverting the course of justice. Manchester United. Convicted for street racing with a team-mate. West Bromwich Albion F. Causing death by dangerous driving. Life imprisonment. Eligible for parole after 25 years. Reduced to 5 months on appeal [].

Sexual assault and assault occasioning actual bodily harm. Released after 26 months [79] [83] []. Luke McCormick. Driving with excess alcohol , causing death by dangerous driving. Eligible for parole in three-and-a-half years []. Bob Newton. Released after 30 days, served rest of sentence wearing electronic tag [79] [83] [80].

Brian Phillips. Served 14 days [83] [86]. Underage sex , indecent assault. Placed on sex offenders' register for 10 years []. Queens Park Rangers. Mark Ward. Released after serving four years [80] []. Later acquitted on appeal []. Reece Thompson. Served 9 months []. Served 44 days [79] [86] [80] [].

Craig Thomson. Heart of Midlothian F. Bruno Fernandes de Souza. David Jenkins. Released after 9 months []. Obstruction of justice , perjury. Initially sentenced to 5 years for culpable homicide. Conviction was changed to premeditated murder by an appeals court, and sentence was extended to 6 years in November Didn't serve the full sentence []. Andrew Krakouer. Served his sentence at the Wooroloo Prison Farm []. Willie Mays Aikens. Aikens was arrested, charged and sentenced with teammates Willie Wilson and Jerry Martin.

They were the first active MLB players ever to be sentenced for drug violations. Released to a halfway house after serving plus years due to a retroactive change in sentencing guidelines. Blue was arrested in the same investigation as teammates Willie Mays Aikens , Willie Wilson and Jerry Martin but faced a steeper charge.

Brown was arrested at 18 years old in After being scouted at the Ohio State Reformatory by the Detroit Tigers in the fall of , the club helped him get early parole. Two counts of DUI with property damage, one count of DUI with serious bodily injury, one count of leaving the scene of an accident, one count of driving with a suspended license and two counts of leaving the scene of an accident with damage to the property.

Sentenced to days with credit to having served days. Released on March 28, []. Canseco was sentenced in January for hitting his wife and signed the next month with the Toronto Blue Jays. Canseco and his twin brother, Ozzie , were involved in a nightclub fight in Miami Beach on Halloween when Canseco was under contract with the Chicago White Sox.

Canseco failed to take court-ordered anger management classes. He had announced his retirement from MLB the year before. Canseco tried to bring a fertility drug into the United States from Tijuana. Canseco and his twin brother Jose were involved in a nightclub fight in Miami Beach on Halloween Canseco was arrested on charges of possessing an illegal anabolic steroid, driving with a revoked license and possession of drug paraphernalia.

Cepeda served 10 months. Chiles served less than 16 months before escaping the Huntsville Prison in Texas on August 19, []. After pleading guilty following an incident in which he held a gun to his wife's head, Chouinard was sentenced to 4 increments of 3-month prison terms during MLB's offseasons.

He was allowed 42 hours to work out at Coors Field and visit with his family every week. Released on September 22, D'Acquisto's second sentence ran concurrently with his first sentence, and he served only 4 years total. Approximately 6 years 3 separate sentences []. Authorities believed a jail sentence would have aggravated his arthritis and leukemia.

Fain served his sentence at California State Prison, Solano. Gooden served 7 months []. Grace had been arrested for DUI twice in 15 months and could have faced up to three years in prison if he had not pleaded guilty. Serving his sentence at Coffield prison in Texas. Eligible for parole in Released after serving 2 months.

Died from a heart attack the day after being released. Released in May While a pitcher for the New York Yankees , Howe was banned from baseball in June for failing his seventh drug test. Howe was arrested in December for buying two grams of cocaine in a federal drug investigation and pleaded to a lesser charge in April Howe had previously been reinstated by MLB and was arrested while under contract with the Yankees but his sentence was not handed down until the fall following what would be his final season in Hoyt tried to cross the border from Mexico with pills.

It was his second arrest for bringing in drugs from Mexico. He pleaded guilty to a misdemeanor. Hoyt tested positive for cocaine while on probation. Separately, drugs were also discovered in his home. Released on June 30, Loaiza had been facing 10 years to life in prison before he was sentenced []. Lueke was charged with rape and non-consensual sodomy but pleaded no contest to a lesser charge.

Released after serving four years []. Martin's fine was half that of his teammates because he was near "financial catastrophe. Prior sentence overturned after he served two years, released after plea bargain. Released after serving six years []. Fled the country before being sentenced. Current whereabouts unknown, presumed to be in France. Ramos threatened a bar owner with a revolver. Ramos was released after serving about half of his sentence for his probation violation.

Louis Browns. The forest personnel arrested the main accused and five others during a surprise raid last night with the help of local police. It may be mentioned here that on January 28, a leopard fell into a trap set for capturing wild boars. Though the big cat was rescued, it succumbed to death later.

Youth dies after falling from under construction terrace, family smells foul. State Top News. By PragativadiNews 1 On Jan 31, PragativadiNews 1 posts 0 comments. You might also like More from author. Prev Next.